One Last Time – Hamilton

I actually posted this a long time ago but I submitted it to the wrong place so I’m reposting



I chose this song mainly because I thought the relationship between Hamilton and Washington was really cute so I wanted to find out if their relationship was accurately displayed in the musical as it was in real life.


Plot/Historical Background/Character Development


One thing to notice before anything is that Hamilton never sings until his last line at the very end while Washington is literally singing the entire way through.


This song is right after all of the conflict with Thomas Jefferson arose. Washington invites Hamilton into his office to talk so Hamilton is pretty nervous about it because he suspects it’s something about the conflict. Meanwhile, Washington is really calm and reserved—pretty much the complete opposite of Hamilton, but he does seem really stiff and sounds pretty serious. Washington basically tells Hamilton that Thomas Jefferson is resigning so Hamilton is pretty happy about this.

Then, he tells Hamilton that Jefferson is running for president. So Hamilton is also happy about this because he knows for a fact that Washington would easily win the election against Hamilton (because Washington won 100% popularity vote in the first election and also Washington is still president therefore he had the ability to have a lifelong presidency). Then, he tells Hamilton that he is stepping down from office. So Hamilton is really flustered and confused now because they were doing so well and it overall just didn’t make any sense to him that he was deciding to step down in this chaos. Historically, this isn’t entirely as dramatic because Thomas Jefferson resigned around the end of Washington’s first term which was four years before W
ashington stepped down from being president. Washington asks Hamilton to draft him an address., Hamilton is still really panicked and confused but Washington starts to sing really relaxed and more “informally” asking Hamilton to have a drink with him and to relax. He sounds pretty happy as he’s singing but Hamilton is still terrified and he’s still not singing.


Washington’s main point was that he had to teach America how to say goodbye. And what he means by that is that since he was the “first” president, there was no law restricting how long you could be president. He had the choice to hold power until the day of his death but he decided to leave after two terms so that he could set the first example for future presidents. Also, he makes a good point that in the far future (for example the present time), looking back at all those presidents starting from Washington that have served two term or less seem a lot better than a lifelong term and holding power for that long.

Hamilton is still flustered as always and Washington is going on about how he’s going to teach Hamilton the hard wisdom he has earned over the years (things like neutrality because he was a non-partisan and he was all about that life).

Through all of this, (watching the video of the musical), both of them look very sad and it seemed like they were both very sad about leaving each other as well.

george-washington-goodbyeThen after Hamilton shuts down literally everything Washington says, he finally asks why he needs to say goodbye other than “for the nation.” Turned out, Washington needed a break too. The song starts to slow down and there is a sad tone to everything. He makes a point that they’ve pretty much set the foundation for the nation to start building up already, so they can now just sit back, relax, and watch over the nation they’ve made. At this point, Hamilton is finally convinced and starts writing the farewell address.

Historically speaking, the timeframes for all of this was quite scrambled up. Washington was originally going to resign after completing his first term so James Madison was the one to draft his very first farewell address. However, he decided not to resign after his first term because the conflict between Jefferson and Hamilton rose right about then. That is also around the time Jefferson resigned. When Hamilton wrote his address during his second term, he drafted two—one that just his very one, and one that was just an edited and lengthened version of James Madison’s. They eventually ended up using the one that Hamilton wrote himself.

Also, the song is all about saying goodbye and ironically, Washington dies only two years after his resignation.

After the farewell address is written, the song speeds up and everything is super happy. Hamilton is no longer flustered, Washington is happier and less sad about leaving.




Legacy the end, Washington repeats the line, “History has its eyes on you,”

which is repeated in several songs throughout the musical. So legacy was a huge theme for the entire musical as well. It’s basically saying how in the far future looking back, we will remember them strictly through what they’ve done. In this song, Washington talks about teaching America how to say goodbye. This is all for people of the future because he wants to set an example and history always has an eye on him. Even as us now looking back, it seemed like the right thing for him to do instead of serving a lifelong presidency (if he were to live a lot longer, that is).



Their relationship


I found that al throughout this entire musical, Washington was like a fatherly figure to Hamilton. However, it seemed like Hamilton didn’t really think of him as much of a fatherly or superior figure but rather a co-worker or friend of the same age—although Washington was almost double his age when they were working together. This really reminded me of the case with older teenagers who are old enough to think for themselves and be independent in some sense, but still need guidance from the older ones who have had actual experience in the real world.

So in-terms of co-workers, Washington and Hamilton really suited each other because they were both able to fill up blank spaces in one another—Hamilton was (maybe unconsciously) dependant on Washington’s wisdom and experience, and Washington was dependant on Hamilton’s intelligence. Everything aside, it was clear that their relationship was a lot more than mere co-workers. I had a hard time trying to figure out what their relationship was like because a lot of sources told me different things, but no one would really know but them. What I do know for sure because this was repeated in almost all sources I’ve looked, at was that Washington called Hamilton, “my boy,” and that they both clashed very often because their personalities were very different and they had many contrasting political viewpoints. Honestly though, the articles, videos, sources and whatnot all lost me after the fourth source that said Washington called Hamilton, “my boy.”

Conclusion, I still think their relationship was really cute.


Some themes above/content from past socials classes:


Experiences versus natural intelligence (gifted?) – This was one of the things they’ve really clashed on. Washington worked from his years of experience so he was really logical and took things rather slow compared to Hamilton. Hamilton on the other hand worked from his strategical mind and always rushed things as if he were “running out of time” (Non-Stop reference).

I also made connections to when we had that small segment about being gifted—Washington being made from practice and Hamilton being “born” with the talent/intelligence.





I was always reminded of Obama and the election of 2016 while doing this. Not necessarily Hillary and Trump, but of Obama stepping down. Especially because compared to Trump and Hillary (even though one person out of these two are far worse anyway—who happened to win), Obama is much better and that’s what a large number of people thought as well (at least what I saw on the online bases). Although it wasn’t Obama’s choice to step down and he had to because he had completed the maximum two terms, people had similar to when Washington had stepped down. Also, Washington said he wanted a break after his two terms and in several interviews with Obama, he also said he wanted a break and wouldn’t serve another term even if he could.

socials final


Coming into socials 9 this year, I was excited but also quite nervous. Although socials has always been a subject that intrigues me, throughout middle school we only touched on a few things – which led me to believe I would be unprepared for the things we would be discussing. I didn’t have super high expectations, but not super low ones either.

It was surprising how much I enjoyed socials, and how interesting every subject we talked about was. I thought that history was going to be boring, but it ended up being the most entertaining out of all the socials I have learned throughout the years. Learning history through music and acting was such a great way to explore different time periods, definitely way more fun than memorizing facts/taking tests.



Although I can’t say I reached all of my goals, I do believe that socials has taught me so much this year! A few of my goals were:

  • Participate more in class discussions
  • Expand my current knowledge in the areas of history and politics

I definitely reached my second goal, because before this year I never even knew what the English Civil War, American Revolution, and French Revolution were (yes I didn’t even know what Hamilton was *gasp*) Now, I feel that I have so much more knowledge than before, and will be able to apply this knowledge to my everyday life.

As for my first goal, I often am too nervous to raise my hand/share my ideas during discussions but hope that by the end of my TALONS years I will be able to say that I have achieved my goal. I did improve significantly on my public speaking skills, and am way more comfortable speaking in front of the class than at the beginning of the year.



Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies.


  • He was a white, straight male who had absolute power over the indigenous people
  • His social status allowed him to do many horrible things, with the help of weapons and more modern technology that the Native Americans didn’t have access to
  • Columbus was called a hero just because he was white, and others did not question him even though he killed thousands of people (Native Americans)
  • Lead to the deaths of many indigenous people
  • Content: imperialism and colonialism, and their continuous effects on indigenous peoples all around the world

Feminism and social revolutions:

  • Men held all the power and were able to basically rule over women because of their own opinions
  • They made decisions about what women could and couldn’t do
  • This caused feminism to start – women rising up against the things restraining them
  • Caused many protests, arguments and revolutions
  • Content: political, social, economic and technological revolutions

The French Revolution:

  • During the French Revolution, the monarchy held absolute power over the citizens and used their power to rule over everyone/gain power, fame and wealth
  • Although they had the smallest population compared to the peasants, they were able to get what they wanted because of their status
  • They had everything they possibly needed, but still wanted more
  • This caused peasants to rise up against their restraints and fight for a new government
  • The group that held power was able to basically do whatever they wanted, and the peasants weren’t able to fight back because of their low status
  • Social classes are a major disparity in power, and significantly alter the way history plays out and the communication between different groups
  • Content: political, social, economic and technological revolution


Collective identity is constructive and can change over time.


  • Created the identity of his supporters/voters
  • Convinced the people that America needed to be rebuilt – or in other words – made great again
  • His supporters felt that if they voted for Trump, they would develop a sense of belonging with other supporters and that their ideas would be heard
  • Muslim and Mexican discrimination
  • Overall reshaped the collective identity of America/white people
  • Content: discriminatory policies

English Civil War:

  • The collective identity of the people was shaped by the King and his decisions
  • He had total power over them, putting them into so-called “groups” according to their social status, and changing the way both him/his people were viewed
  • Content: local, regional and global conflicts

French Revolution:

  • Before the revolution, the monarchy was considered a good thing and most people weren’t against it – they couldn’t imagine an alternative
  • The people (peasants) realized that they shouldn’t be living like this
  • They were starving and had barely any money to live
  • The monarchy went from being the only option to being something that the people despised and wanted to dispose of
  • Content: political, social, economic and technological revolution


Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influences societies and events”


  • During the American Revolution, many new ideas emerged – shaping the way America is now. Some of these ideas include:
  • You don’t need a monarchy to run everything, you can have a government without one
  • Building a new nation made of ideas

Women’s Rights:

  • Women were always considered almost worthless, their only jobs being to take care of their families and clean
  • During the French Revolution they started to realize – through pamphlets, and speaking with other women – that they deserve rights of their own
  • They only started progressing from there, fighting for their rights and even participating in the first women’s march
  • Content: revolutions


  • Although what he did wasn’t necessarily right, he did impact history in both positive and negative ways
  • He inspired others to venture out in search of riches/new land
  • Content: colonialism

3 Stars


  • Compare the historical significance of people, places, events or developments

Ethical judgement

  • Make reasoned judgements about the credibility of sources

Cause and consequence

  • Assess how conditions and the actions of individuals/groups affect things like: events, decisions or developments (for example my eminent person project). This is probably the competency I’m best at, this almost comes natural to me.


3 Wishes:

Social Studies inquiry process

  • Ask more questions in class, share my ideas more frequently
  • Come up with my own questions and research them


  • Explain things from more than one perspective, not just the perspective of one side (there are always two sides to the story).

Continuity and change      

  • Comparing different people/groups in the same time period


Although I am not quite sure where I am going as of right now, I do know that I am definitely going to apply my expanded knowledge of politics (specifically American) to my everyday life. Now, I will be able to follow political events/news that occur in the future without getting confused… yay! I – like many others – will also like to learn more about Canadian history next year.


What Comes Next? Socials Final

In the beginning, I identified political, sociological, and philosophical studies to be main source of interest in the social studies. History dragged far behind. I wanted to try a little bit of everything so that I could understand what I am interested in within social studies. To be honest, the results of that are not really what was expected. I thought that I would have clear cut idea of what I wanted to do in the future in relation to socials. In reality, I have come out of socials more confused in that sense. I did not like history, and here I am now enjoying my time with the american and french revolutions. I have realized that it’s not really any subject that I take a liking to, it is the style in which it is presented and taught.


The physical environment influences the nature of political, social, and economic change

  • Pipelines
  • Eminent person Benton MacKaye and the Appalachian Trail
  • Social revolutions: carbon tax


The environmental aspect is one that I added into our social revolution cycles near the beginning of the year. In my cycle, the components touched on are technological, environmental, social, and political. I refer this cycle to the prominent fossil fuel dispute that was happening within Canada at the time. I spoke about how a technological advancement such as the boom of coal and other fossil fuels in the 1700s would then impact the environment directly, and how that environmental impact triggered a social uproar, causing change in the political systems and action and, in turn, the next technological advancement.


Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between Societies.

  • Trump and the followers
  • Brexit
  • Social classes and their sway on the decision making process


Social classes have massive sway on decisions made in most any context. Your family history, assets, and the way others perceive you not only taint your own morals and opinions but the manner in which others interpret and value them. If your attributes give off a sense of great importance, than your opinion could blot out those of multiple people ‘below’ you. This in itself is a massive disparity in power. This imbalance can affect the communication between groups and individuals, and therefore the relationship in its entirety.


Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

  • Bathroom politics
  • Rape culture, prosecution and prevention
  • Syrian war and refugee crisis


The way that emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events is potently represented in the bathroom politics controversy. Gender fluidity and change has never been a prominent or comfortable subject for western society, nor has much consideration been given to it before. Realistically, we are the first generation to be forming opinions on this topic, and because of this it can be confusing and uncomfortable to talk about, especially because it is something for which we have no reference, nor do the people who usually influence or inspire our opinions. There is no way for us to know how our thoughts will be received. Our society is extremely tentative and confused as to how to absorb and incorporate non-traditional gender identity into our lives.



  • Significance
  • Cause and consequence
  • Perspective




  • Evidence
  • Justification
  • Explain the why
  • Ethical judgement
  • Go into implicit judgements
  • Continuity and change
  • More contrasting, extrapolating out of direct topic



What comes next?


In my future with socials, I will be continuing to explore the endless possibilities presented by the skills and mindset I have developed and will continue to develop throughout my socials studies experience. I still have a lot of figuring out to do, and I have realized that i don’t have to know where I want to go right now.

My Socials Final

This Socials year was roughly like I thought it was going to be like, except a lot better. I enjoyed socials well enough in years before, but it wasn’t ever my favorite subject. I think this is because of the types of assignments we did, as last year we did a lot of posters and writing paragraphs and essays, but this year we got to do blog posts, acting, and listening to Hamilton music! I was also a lot more interested in the different units this year. I didn’t think I would be at first, especially with Hamilton, because I didn’t love history or rap music all that much. But, by the end of the unit I was completely obsessed with both history and the songs.

Through all of the different units this year, I also learned how the Social Studies “Big Ideas” could connect to each of the topics we were learning about.  My first example is bell hooks, as she was my eminent person this year.

Big Idea: Emerging Ideas and Ideologies Profoundly Influence Societies and Events/ Collective Identity is constructed and Can Change Over Time (2 in 1)

bell hooks standing up for what she did, and raising awareness profoundly influenced people’s opinions and perspectives of women, feminism, and people of color. This affected all sorts of events, like women being allowed to vote, for one example. This also helped segregated schools become non-segregated schools. She had an influence on the raise in women’s pay, and introduced the concept that feminism can be for everyone, not just women. She has been a huge part in the evolution of women’s rights, and equality. This also ties into collective identity because the collective identity of people of colour and women were changed. We used to be thought of as “useless beings” that were only meant to be in the kitchen, and now for the most part, we are thought of as equal.

Big Idea: Disparities in Power Alter the Balance of Relationships between Individuals and Between Societies

Bell had to stand out and it took so much courage. Everyone shot her down, and this shows the disparity in power in between men and woman and people of colour and white people at that time. If a white man had spoken out like she had, not nearly as many people would have shot him down, and he wouldn’t have anything to speak out about in the first place because he is a privileged white male, and doesn’t have any of the struggles that bell hooks did.


My second example is from our Hamilton unit this year.

Big Idea: Emerging Ideas and Ideologies Profoundly Influence Societies and Events.

An emerging idea in Hamilton is that you can run a government without a monarchy. This severely influenced the revolution. It was the first time that people actually started believing that they could indeed overthrow the government and make the revolution happen, which they eventually did do. As the revolution progresses further and further along, the more people started to believe.

Big Idea: Disparities in Power Alter the Balance of Relationships Between Individuals and Between Societies.

Hamilton had to work a lot harder than others in some areas because he didn’t start out with much of a “fortune” like others did. His town sent him to New York, because “in New York you can be a new man”. He wouldn’t have had to become this completely “new man” if he already had money, and so this altered his relationship with people. This is the reason that he lied to Eliza and Angelica and said dismissively that his past didn’t matter. This is also the reason that he had to marry rich. If he wanted to achieve all of his life dreams then he would have to marry rich, and that pushed anyone who wasn’t as well off out of the picture.

Big Idea: The physical environment influences the nature of political, social and economic change.

This big idea is represented in the ten duel commandments. Number five is “Duel before the sun is in the sky, and pick a place to die where it’s high and dry”. Because of the physical environment that they are duelling in, this has an impact on whether people lived or not. Since the wanted someplace high to get away from anyone who might catch them dueling, they would also be far away from a lot of medical equipment, and they would have to be transported quite a ways back to their home, which could hurt them further. This influences change, because if not for that environment, some of those people may have lived, which could have made a huge difference. For example, Alexander himself.


My final example is about our unit on the French revolution.

Big Idea: The physical environment influences the nature of political, social and economic change.

The farmers, like Felicie the Farmer couldn’t grow enough grains on their farms. Because of this, the bread prices were forced to skyrocket. This caused others to get very angry, as most of them couldn’t afford the quickly rising bread prices. The high bread prices were causing them to literally starve. All of this anger caused the bread riots to happen, which were a huge part of the revolution.

Big Idea: Emerging Ideas and Ideologies Profoundly Influence Societies and Events.

There were a few emerging ideas during the French Revolution. One of them was women’s rights, as I mentioned before. Women started to realize that they might actually be worth something, rather than just being used for housework and cooking. This caused events like the women’s march to happen, and we can see how big of a chain effect that caused nowadays.

Big Idea: Disparities in Power Alter the Balance of Relationships between Individuals and Between Societies.

This is a huge big idea in the French revolution. The whole reason why this revolution didn’t happen sooner than it did is because of disparities in power. Even though 99 percent of people were living in poverty and didn’t have a good quality of life, they couldn’t do anything about it because the wealthy people had more money and way more power. The one percent of population had control over the other 99 percent because of disparities in power.

During socials this year, I also learned a lot about what curricular competencies I do well in, and which areas need a little work.

My first star is Continuity and Change, because I turned a lot of my research projects into comparing different time periods, like my English civil wars assignment, and for my eminent persons study. Comparing and contrasting is one of my go to’s for assignments.

Ethical Judgement is my second star because I use it in blog posts, my eminent project, in my English civil war assignment, and during the readings in the French revolution. This is also a curricular competency that comes fairly naturally to me, and I actually have troubles not using ethical judgement.

My final star is Inquiry Process, because as I do my research, I keep thinking of new questions. I take these questions and use them to do further research rather than ignoring them, and for the questions that I can’t find the answer to, I include in my blog posts.

As for wishes, my first is evidence, because I need to work on including direct examples. I tend to have the evidence in my head, but I don’t include it in my work. I could improve by including quotes, or just more specific examples.

Significance is my next wish. This is pretty much the same as evidence. I usually have the significance of things in my head but I don’t necessarily include it in my writing or projects. I could improve by just explaining why I chose to have each event or subject in my blog with more detail.

My last wish is Perspective, because I usually only focus on the perspective of the person on the good side, or who society agrees with. I should start coming from the “bad” person’s point of view sometimes, and trying to figure out what their reasoning was for doing what they did.

I learned a lot this year, and I really enjoyed socials. We learned a lot about history, like the English Civil war and the French revolution, and I really enjoyed those units. Because of this, /next year I would like to learn more about history, but specifically in Canada. I also already have someone who I want to do for an eminent person study next year, and I really enjoyed this year’s, so I am looking forward to learning more about that. I am super excited about it, but as Hamilton says, “I’m willing to wait for it”.

Socials Final: A Look Back

To recap my journey with socials this year, I created a video, which is below:

If you want to follow along with my notes, they are below:


  • Previous knowledge: interested in history and government
  • Expectations: very excited for various units, mostly about EMINENT
  • Goals: improve discussion skills
  • How did it turn out?
    • !!!!!!!!! AMAZING
    • Learned so much in such a short period of time, able to connect more with peers and think critically about historical events


  • Collective identity:
    • English Civil War
      • Collective identity of each side was shaped by propaganda, often what the other side’s identity was (i.e. the Parliamentarians attacked the Royalists (Cavaliers), Royalists did as well (Roundheads))
      • Content: propaganda was weapon during English Civil War, helped influence social and political revolution
    • Donald Trump
      • Content: discriminatory policies (build a wall, ban all Muslims)
    • Oliver Cromwell
      • Content: discriminatory policies of Christians (ban), injustices (massacres)
  • Disparities in power:
    • French Revolution (Socials wheel)
      • With the monarchy, the power was completely owned by the King and the nobility, leading the lower classes to revolt
      • Eventually the Jacobins had so much power they could kill anyone they wanted to
      • Content: social revolution
    • Hamilton theme map
      • People in power often influence how history is written (i.e. Hamilton’s legacy was buried by his counterparts who lived longer)
    • Columbus
      • Columbus had incredible power (weapons, numbers) than Native Americans he met
      • Content: imperialism and colonialism
  • Emerging ideas:
    • Hamilton
      • Emerging ideas were literally shaping the society and influencing it – they were building a new nation
      • “The American Experiment” – building a nation on ideas, experimenting and testing out if things would work, a work in progress, a nation founded on concepts and principles rather than physical geography
      • Hamilton made: national banking system, founded New York Post, wrote “The Federalist Papers”
    • Glenn Gould
      • Innovative recording techniques
      • Content: technological revolution – in classical music
    • Columbus
      • The idea of new riches
      • Content: greatly helped advance colonialism


  • Significance: Eminent Document of Learning and Eminent Person in general
    • Importance of Glenn Gould today in Toronto
    • Why he is eminent/why he is more significant than other pianists
  • Cause and consequence: French revolution studies
    • Discussions in class/what caused the events/how they were all related
  • Perspective: Social Order Document of Learning
    • Social norms, common beliefs, etc.


  • Evidence: analyze competing sources on controversial historical events
    • Bias, background of competing sources
  • Continuity and change:
    • Comparing shifts in ideology of political parties over time (i.e. Democrats/Republicans)
  • Ethical judgement: explore more into historical events that included racism?
    • Look more into historical atrocities


  • Use the tools I’ve learned (critically analyzing documents, making historical judgments and opinions) in everyday life, watching current events (Trump)
  • Look for connections between this year’s studies and Socials 10, and in future socials classes (Confederation with American/French rev.)


And here are photo credits (music is instrumental music for My Shot from Hamilton):×490/landscape-1457039161-hamilton.jpg×420.jpg*fra6dhYu5P6q22t9q9dqVw.jpeg

See y’all next year – in Socials 10!

The Final

Big Idea 1
“Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events”


Martin Luther Goes Viral

The idea of a different church emerged about the same time the printing press was introduced. Martin Luther had controversial ideas against the Catholic Church, but however, he needed a way to popularize them. Fortunately, the recent innovation of the printing press has made it easy to create copies of one’s work and gave Martin Luther a way to distribute his ideologies. Luther’s opinions slowly entered the mainstream culture, and printing presses’ everywhere began circulating and reprinting his works. During the 16th century, German society was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church. Church rule oppressed the population and even went as far as selling seats in heaven. No one spoke out because it was believed that to speak out against those in power was to speak out on god himself. But since Luther’s pamphlets have gone viral, people slowly started to realize “hey maybe this isn’t the way the church has to be”. The reformation remains as one of the most prominent religious revolutions to this date, and Martin Luther’s “Ninety-Five Theses” is widely credited to have started it all.


in Hamilton The Musical, It is revealed in Hamilton the musical that the American Revolution gave birth to relatively new ideas such as “All men are created equal”. Connecting to the French Revolution, The successful revolt against the British monarchy had without a doubt sparked discussion amongst the French regarding inequalities.

Content area: Political, economic and technological revolutions

This content area is almost like the child of the big Idea “Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events”. As I reflect on lessons corresponding with this big idea, I am starting to realize almost every “New idea” has ended up in a technological or social revolution. E.g. American revolution, the Space race, Martin Luther, etc.

Big Idea #2
“Collective identity is constructed and changes over time”

Although he was anti-monarch/royalty and fought for his beliefs, he ended up as one. This shows how an identity may be corrupted by power. The sudden rise in power caused Cromwell to stray from his identity.

Howard Zinn and the Price of Progress
Columbus Was always known as a hero who discovered America, but as we closely follow Zinn’s philosophy, we find that Columbus may not have been a good man at all. He brought conflicts to every area he “explored”, and went as far as slavery to get what he wanted. Columbus had muskets and manpower, while his victims were all mostly innocent and peaceful natives who did not have that type of strength. Up until recent dates, we have talked about the bravery of Columbus and even celebrated a “Columbus day”. Discussions of injustice and suffering he has brought upon the American Natives were pushed aside in favour of a heroic story. Today, Columbus Day is instead a day to celebrate the indigenous people of America. The more popular perception of Columbus today is villainous, and plenty of discussions on Columbus (such as our own in class) suggests that he was a selfish and inhumane person. With a quick search on Google, it is evident that Columbus’s identity has differed vastly from the hero who “discovered America” we recall of, to the cruel colonist we know now.

Hamilton’s legacy

Although Alexander Hamilton was one of America’s founding fathers, not many people knew about him prior to Lin-Manuel Miranda’s epic music. *Hamilton’s legacy had not been a very popular one because he passed away before his enemies did (Jefferson, Madison, etc).

*Hypothesis credits to Mr. Jackson


Big Idea:

“Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies”

English civil war

The difference in power between king and parliament/the people caused mass conflicts and shaped their society forever.
Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and society
French revolution:

I studied the fruit seller who lead the march of Versailles during our French revolution unit. The reason behind her actions at the Women’s march of Versailles was due to the increase in bread prices. The fact that the royal’s had the power to fluctuate the cost to live angered the population. The people of France were irritated because of the insane difference in power that the 2 percent of the population (0.5% clergy, 1.5%nobility) had over the rest. On top of that, rumours had been going around that Marie Antoinette had been hoarding massive piles of grain in her palace. The people of France could barely afford one loaf of bread a month. This was the difference in power that caused the Women’s March of Versailles to take place.

Social Wheel

For my social wheels assignment, I chose to study and record the “space race” between America and Russia. Each country’s motivation to create the next space related innovation was the slight disparity in power between “Astronaut” and “Cosmonaut”


Curricular competencies

3 Stars

I have learned to judge how significant a historical event was from studying and comparing what was and what was not. E.g. Nikola Tesla was more significant in history, while Thomas Edison was more popular.
Although I show my bias to announce my opinions, I always back up my statements with hard facts and solid arguments. E.g. Nikola Tesla is the king and Edison is a snake who killed his own assistant (“Why Nikola Tesla Was the Greatest Geek Who Ever Lived – The Oatmeal.” The Oatmeal. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2016.)
-Ethical Judgement
I credit Howard Zinn with this claim, for he has shown me how to dig a little deeper into history and its events. Ever since, I have been able to apply this new found way of thinking into my everyday life, as well as in class.

3 wishes
– Social Studies Inquiry Process
I should be asking more questions in class rather than saving them for later to look up online (which are often biased sources)
Usually a hit or a miss for me. At sometimes, I am able to fit myself into other’s shoes quite nicely but I usually find myself neutral when it comes big issues. E.g. pro life, pro choice?
-Cause and Consequence
When I use facts, I tend not elaborate and explain “why?” I will definitely work on this as I believe that this is the one obstacle stopping me from becoming an argumentative essay writing all-star.

Thomas Paine’s Final Address

As a writer, revolutionary and philosopher, I have always stood up for what I believe in. I stood up for the rights of the landowners and non-landowners alike. I fought for democracy and I was proud to see at least some of my beliefs accepted in the end. Now, as a dying old man, I have moved to New York City to die peacefully. Some idiots, known as Silas Deane and Robert Morris screwed up my happy life as an American Revolutionary. After that I moved to France. I didn’t speak any French, but the people sounded friendly all the time. Soon, a revolution started.  It was so exciting until someone named Max Robespierre imprisoned me. I tried to tell Robespierre that I was one of his American allies, but Robert Morris told him that I was British and that I should be executed. Luckily, I avoided execution, and I was freed after a kind American told the truth about my citizenship. After that, I moved back to America and wrote a book about the corruption in the churches and my religious beliefs. Here is a sample of a few of the opinions that I voiced in the book:

“I believe in one God, and no more; and I hope for happiness beyond this life.”

“I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish church, by the Roman church, by the Greek church, by the Turkish church, by the Protestant church, nor by any church that I know of. My own mind is my own church.”

“All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian or Turkish, appear to me no other than human inventions, set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit.”

As America was a highly religious society, my views were not received well by the population, and only 6 people came to my funeral. I regret nothing about my life. I have always stuck to my beliefs, even when many people doubted me. I am a proud citizen of American, England, and France, and I will die a happy man.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau-Final Address

Final Address

It’s been quite a while since I’ve died. Honestly, with all of the bleeding and fighting it’s hard to believe I was reading and writing for this cause. I was an orphan who never received a formal education, yet everyone thought of me as one of the most important Enlightenment philosophers, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. I may have created my legacy and paved the pathway for the revolution, but honestly with the way Robespierre turned out I somewhat regret my contributions to this. Even Jean-Paul Marat died recently.

If only there was a way to reform France without the whole Reign of Terror. I do admit the government system was corrupt, but we could’ve also continued with a new and improved version of the monarchy or even aristocracy, like I said in my infamous Social Contract. Of course, the idea of democracy was also circulating around. But we were largely staging our revolution based on America’s success.

What would have happened to France if America wasn’t successful? Would Louis have continued his reign? Well, I suppose I shouldn’t trouble the good people of France with my hypothetical thoughts. I have plenty of time to ponder the great mysteries of life now that it’s the afterlife and no such critics like Voltaire can trouble me. Oh wait, he’s here too. Oh, joy.  Until the next philosophical movement, then.


Jacques Necker, The Final Address – French Rev. Post #2

For those of you who may not know, my name is Jacques Necker, former Controller-General of Finances and Chief Minister for the French Monarch, but today I do not want to talk about me, but rather the events that have taken place over the last six years.

I advised King Louis XVI to listen to what the real, honest working people of France were begging for: to be treated like human beings, given a say in how things are run and given the credit they work for. Instead the King gave in to the nobility’s influence, and honestly, when that happened I thought there may never be fairness for the people of France again. But I was wrong, the people rose up. Not exactly how I would have done it but their approach turned out to be quite effective, sending a message that started a rebellion.

Through this “revolution”, the National Assembly definitely lost their civility and in response the Jacobin’s revolted against the revolution itself. The violence could not go on forever, and I believe that this too shall pass, and we must now look to the future, as things are beginning to change, thank goodness, for the better.


Credit to

All I wanted to do for France was make it better, and I did that the only way I knew how, through numbers. I tried to stop the violence before it happened, but when I was let go, the people knew the King and the nobility were never going to change. I wanted to create something that would outlive me, and I can only hope that my goal of bringing equality and voice to the people of France, will live on in this country for a long time.

Reine Audu final address

I was just a regular fruit seller before all this happened. I was like any one of you, calculating my odds of living another day. But then, those “royals” decided poor living quality wasn’t enough and raised the bread prices to around 100 dollars (In today’s money)! On top of that, I believe Miss Marie Antoinette over here was hogging all of the grain. That’s why I lead our women to riot in Versailles. I can tell you from an unbiased way of thinking, that the royals are just plain dumb. With a rioting country, they had the audacity to announce the “Brunswick Manifesto” The idea of a monarchy disgusts me, so I, like many of you, participated in the storming Tuileries.

Despite our progress as a country, there was, and still are people in our way. During the march of Versaille, there was Lafayette. Lafayette intervened wanting to negotiate “peace” If Lafayette was really on our side, why would he kneel to Marie Antoinette, kiss her hand and chant “long live the queen”? However Lafayette wasn’t the biggest obstacle of our future republic, The king was. King Louis the 16th has tried to starve the working class, as well as threaten us with the Brunswick Manifesto. A new age of liberty cannot exist with a king on the throne.


long live the revolution!