Genetically Modified Cows TED Talk

My TED Talk question is, “should humans genetically modify cows?”. In this video, I will talk about how humans genetically modify cows, why humans genetically modify cows, and what people think about genetically modified foods.

*Sorry the audio is a bit quiet




Gray, Richard. “Genetically Modified Cows Produce ‘Human’ Milk.” The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 2 Apr. 2011,

“Genetically Modified Cows Could Produce Tastier Beef.” Redorbit, 27 Aug. 2012,

“How to Make a GMO.” Science in the News, 11 Aug. 2015,


Funk, Cary, and Lee Rainie. “Public and Scientists’ Views on Science and Society.” Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech, 29 Jan. 2015,


Independent Investigation 2

Historical Significance

My inquiry question is, To What Extent Did the War of 1812 Contribute to the Confederation of Canada? This is an important question about the past because this war shaped the country we live in today. Had this war played out differently, we might be living in America. Before the War of 1812, Canada didn’t have a lot of “nationalism”. The people who lived in the Canadian colonies usually did so because they had no other option. Many were immigrants from America that were forced out of the newly independent country. British loyalists and Native Americans that were pushed out of America, came to Canada. When the Americans started to attack the Canadian colonies, these groups of people (along with French-Canadians in Lower Canada) united to fight against a common enemy. On top ofup-and-low-canada this, the Canadians were heavy underdogs in this war. After the Siege of Detroit, in which the Americans surrendered, the Canadians felt pride for their home. As the Canadians continued to withstand the menacing American forces, Canadian nationalism grew. An example of this nationalism can be seen with a Canadian boy named Jacob Cline, who lived during the war. Jacob wrote, “The Americans were in high spirits, and when I said I was Canadian, one of the officers laughed and said, “You’ll soon be under the Yankey government, my boy.” I was sassy, like most boys of my age, and I said, “I’m not so sure about that.””. The question, To What Extent Did the War of 1812 Contribute to the Confederation of Canada, is important to ask because the way our country looks and acts today comes from this war. By learning the story of our nation, we can gain respect for important Canadians of the past and realize what it means to be Canadian.


Continuity and Change

There are many similarities between Canada today and the Canadian colonies before they confederated. One main similarity is the threat to the south, America. Before the confederation of Canada, the American North had just won the American Civil War. With this victory, there was some talk from American politicians about invading Canada. America had also canceled a treaty with Canada that allowed for free trade. This is similar to the relationship between America and Canada now. There are changes happening in the White House with President Trump and his trudeau-trump-1team. President Trump has also imposed new steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada. The U.S., Canada, and Mexico are currently trying to renegotiate NAFTA, which is the North American Free Trade Agreement. The U.S. has disrupted free trade with Canada, which is also what happened right before Canada’s confederation. Canada’s solution in 1867 was to confederate. When Canada united in 1812 they were able to hold off the Americans. Since Canada might have been in another war with America, politicians decided to unite again under one country. In 2018, Canada is already a unified country. However, Canada has united with Mexico and the European Union to impose tariffs back on the United States. Although there are many differences between the politics of today and the politics of the 1800s, a common topic of unity is consistent throughout Canada’s history.


Cause and Consequence

The War of 1812 was the result of conflicts between Britain, France, and America. The Napoleonic Wars caused napoleonic-warsBritain and France to stop trading with each other. Britain even stopped American ships from trading with Europe and took American sailors and made them work on British ships. This caused President James Madison to declare war on Britain. Madison and most Americans thought that Canada would be easy to invade, while still causing harm to Britain. In order to defend against America, the British-Canadians, French-Canadians, and First Nations allied. The Canadians were able to hold off the Americans until the Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814. This war set clear boundaries between Canada and America. The war also proved that Canadians did not want to be Americans, as the Americans thought before the war. However, after the American Civil War fears arose that America would try to annex Canada. This was the same fear that Canadians had before the War of 1812. Britain was also becoming more reluctant to defend the Canadian colonies. America had also abolished the Reciprocity treaty that allowed free trade between America and Canada. The combination of these events charged the idea of uniting the Canadian colonies in one country. This unity had saved Canada from America before in the War of 1812, so there was reason to believe that confederation would give Canada strength. At this time Canada was divided into Canada West, Canada East, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island. Canada West was the most populous of the colonies and was led by John A. province_of_canada_east_and_west_zoomMacdonald and George Brown. They agreed with the idea of confederating Canada, which meant that Canada’s most populous region supported confederation. Later, Canada East supported confederation, followed by the Atlantic provinces (except Newfoundland and Labrador until 1949). In the conferences between the colonies, the framework was set up for a new country. Although a major reason for the confederation of Canada was the American Civil War, the idea of a unified nation came from the War of 1812.


Social Studies Inquiry Processes

Based on the research I conducted, I can conclude that although the War of 1812 didn’t have much of a direct impact on the confederation of Canada, the war planted the seeds for a unified Canada. In the War of 1812, the reason for the Native, French, and British people of Canada to unite together was the common threat of America. This was the first time that Canada fought independently of Britain, even though Canada was still a British colony. During the war, Britain was occupied with their own war with France, so there weren’t many resources available for the Canadians. Canada mostly relied on the people who lived in the area to fight. When Canada was able to contest with the much more dominant Americans, Canada established itself as a formidable enemy. They were not Americans, and they were able to fight without much help from Britain. Canada was its own community that contained British, French, Native Americans, and former slaves. When these people united under one team, they were able to become a threatening force. For Canadians at the time, the War of 1812 was a little taste of what it would be like to be a part of330px-fathers_of_confederation_lac_c001855 a unified, independent nation. This taste was not forgotten in 1861 when America resurfaced as a threat to the people of Canada. This time, confederacy was established. Although the American Civil War may seem like the most obvious influence on the confederation of Canada, The War of 1812 spurred the idea of a unified, independent Canada.



Crossroads Textbook

Canada: A People’s History Episode 5: “A Question of Loyalties”



Ecological Footprint

My ecological footprint is 11.8 hectares. I compared my footprint to Kevin and Ashley. Kevin’s footprint was 7.05 hectares and Ashley’s was 11.43 hectares. The ten actions that currently increase the size of my footprint are:

  • My SUV
  • Spending more than an hour on the computer and/or watching TV per day
  • Brand new clothes
  • My garbage
  • Number of rooms per person
  • Travelling with my family in my car
  • Land used for recreation
  • Flush the toilet every time
  • Shower 3-6 minutes
  • Family washes the car every 3rd week

The five actions I will try and change are buying brand new clothes, reducing my garbage, travelling with my family in my car, flushing the toilet every time, spending more than an hour on the computer and/or watching TV per day. I chose to not buy as much brand-new clothes because I bought a lot during Christmas and spring break and I think I can cut back on the clothes I buy. It is reasonable to re-use some of my older clothes. I chose to reduce my garbage because it is easy for me to measure. I am the one in my family that takes out the garbage and recycling, so I can continuously monitor my waste habits. I chose to change the amount of time I spend travelling with my family in my car because my friend offered to let me carpool with him to school. I am going to let the “yellow mellow” because me and my sister no longer share a bathroom, so she won’t be flushing the toilet when I don’t. The last thing I will change is spending more than an hour on technology per day. I chose this one because I need to spend more time on my In-Depth (drawing comics) which doesn’t involve technology. I will reduce the amount of clothes I buy by wearing the same thing multiple times per week. I will reduce my garbage by eating less snacks with wrappers and more snacks that come in one big container. I will carpool with my friend and take the bus to school in order to reduce the time travelling with my family in my car. I will only flush the toilet every second time I go number one, instead of every time. Lastly, I will spend more time on In-Depth to reduce my technology usage.

One change that was easy for me to make was wearing the same thing every day. I planned out what I was going to wear for the week on Sunday, so that I could assure I was getting the most out of my clothes. Another change that was easy to make was letting the “yellow mellow”. It was simple to just not flush the toilet every time I used it and didn’t require a lot of effort. A change that was difficult to make was taking the bus. The bus comes very early in the morning which means that I have to get up early. I eventually got used to it though. Another change that was difficult to make was reducing my garbage. A lot of the snacks I usually take to school come in wrappers, so it was difficult to change my habits and find things that come in containers. I decided to start eating more nuts and bread that comes in one big package. One obstacle I encountered was finding time to wash my clothes. Since I was repeating the clothes I wore, that meant that I needed to wash them more. This extra washing would not be good for the environment. I had to find the perfect time when I needed to stop repeating clothes and wash them. Another obstacle I encountered was not watching a lot of TV. Watching TV right after school was a habit that I had to change. Instead of watching TV, I would start homework earlier, eat a snack, or play basketball. A step I plan to take in the future is to find alternative foods to eat that aren’t individually wrapped. Another step I plan to take is travrlling with my family. I can not only carpool with my friends to school, but I can also carpool other places that I may go to in the summer, such as the basketball court.

Hamilton DOL

A: Character Development

“History Has Its Eyes on You” takes place before “Yorktown” and after “Guns and Ships”. In the song, George Washington tells Alexander Hamilton about his first failed battle command experience. Washington explains to Hamilton that he has no control over the outcomes of battle, and history is watching they are doing. This song advances the plot by giving Washington a chance to speak to Hamilton and give him advice before Hamilton leads his first battle. Washington gives Hamilton this advice because both of them are about to enter the Siege of Yorktown. Washington has a lot of experience with leading battles while Hamilton has none, so this song allows Hamilton to gain some wisdom from Washington, before going into battle. Washington and Hamilton are the mainwashington-hamilton characters of this song because the song is a conversation between the two of them. Both characters want to be victorious after the Siege of Yorktown, and both fear making mistakes. However, Washington and Hamilton have very different backgrounds. Washington has lead successful battle, and unsuccessful battles. One unsuccessful battle that he has lead was the Battle of the Great Meadows, which Washington references in the song when he says, “I lead my men straight into massacre, I witnessed their deaths first hand,”. Washington surrendered this battle the French forces, and he does not want to see a similar situation happen against the British in Yorktown. Hamilton doesn’t have much experience in battle as he grew up in a poor area called St. Croix in the Caribbean. These different backgrounds create an opportunity for Washington to share some knowledge with Hamilton.


B: Connections to Historical Elements

At the beginning of the song, Washington says, “I was younger than you are now when I was given my first command. I lead my men straight into massacre,”. In this line, Washington isn’t exactly correct. Washington’s first command was actually successful and is known as the Battle of Jumonville Glen. In this battle, Washington lead his British forcesbattle-of-jumonville-glen into an attack on French-Canadian soldiers. The British killed the French commander, Joseph Coulon de Villiers. Although this attack was successful, the French retaliated and ambushed a British fort called Fort Necessity. This fort was poorly built by George Washington, which made the ambush easier for the French. The fort was in range of far musket fire and was subject to flooding. This caused many of Washington’s men to abandon him, while some of the remaining men died. We can see that Washington values these men who fought and died for him when he says, “I made every mistake, and felt the shame rise in me,”.  At the time of this battle, Washington and the British feared the French and Native Americans, which lead to the French and Indian War. “History Has Its Eyes on You” also connects to the “Collective identity is constructed and can change over time” Big Idea. The song talks a lot about how people are watching what’s going on in the American Revolution. The title of the song is one example of this, with another being when Washington says, “You have no control: who lives, who dies, who tells your story”. These people that are watching the American Revolution play out will tell the story of these events and create a collective identity for America during the revolution.


C: Thematic and Personal Connections

Something that if find particularly interesting about this song is how George Washington opens up to Hamilton about his past struggles. I would think that the best time to talk about how you lost your first battle and many of your men died, would not be right before a battle, but this is exactly what Washington did. Washington was supposed to be this fearless commander who would lead the Americans to victory. Instead, in this song he shows some of his flaws in order to offer some advice to Hamilton. The mentor-student relationship Washington and Hamilton have is a very strong one, and that relationship is showcased in this song. This relationship is one of the main themes of not just the song, but the entire play. One line that displays this theme is, “and felt shame rise in me, and even now I lie awake”. This line is said by George Washington at the beginning of the song. The line highlights how Washington is comfortable describing his darkest days with Hamilton. The friendship that Washington and Hamilton have iswasington-hamilton essential to this song and is touched upon a lot in the rest of the story. Another line that is essential to the story so far is, “You have no control: who lives, who dies, who tells your story”. This is an important line in the story because Hamilton is constantly trying to improve his story. He moves to New York and tries to work his way up the ranks in the American government. The Siege of Yorktown is Hamilton’s chance to gain a lot of popularity, but Washington reminds him that his legacy is not up to him. The line, “who lives, who dies, who tells your story” is the last song in the play and ties together one theme of the story, which is that you can’t control your own legacy. The third line that is essential to the song is, “History has its eyes on you”. This line is important because people are watching everything that is going on in Hamilton’s world. These people are writing down what Hamilton does, and that evidence is being used as pieces of history. In this way, history is watching everything that Hamilton does, and that is how we are able to watch/listen to Hamilton.

In-Depth Post #6

In-Depth Night is fast approaching, and I am getting ready to showcase my learning. I meet with my mentor, Davinder, and we discussed my progress. Davinder brought some professional comic panels to show me different ways of storytelling through comics. These panels were really helpful with the creation of my own comic book. I showed Davinder the first few pages of my comic, and he gave me some tips on how to edit them and move forward. Davinder showed me a way to arrange the panels on my page so that the big moments of the page are made more impactful. Davinder said that the last panel on the page should be an important one, that makes the reader want to flip and keep reading. I am really taking this into consideration while moving forward with my comic.

There have been some recent challenges with my in-depth. As the year is coming to a close, things are starting to get more hectic. Leadership and cultural events are happening, new projects are getting introduced, and I adventure trips are in full swing. With all this going on, I am having trouble finding time to work on in-depth. I definitely do not want to spend the last week before In-Depth Night scrambling to get together a learning centre, but at this pace, that’s where I’m going to be. Now that my leadership event is over, I’m hoping that once my adventure trip is done, I will have more time to spend on in-depth so that I’m not waiting until the last minute.

Even though I am a bit behind on creating my comic book, I have planned out what my learning centre is going to look like. I am going to have a poster board with some of my drawings and draft comic panels. When people come by my centre, I will describe to them my learning process and show them some of my work. I will also have my finished comic book on display for people to flip through. I may possibly demonstrate how I create a panel of my comic book, but this may take too long and be boring for the guests as it usually takes me a couple hours just to finish one page.

As the final stretch approaches, I am ready to showcase my learning on In-Depth Night.



Hamilton Big Ideas

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

“Will they know you rewrote the game?”

This passage exemplifies the big idea because the line is saying that Hamilton “rewrote the game” with his contributions to America. Hamilton was instrumental in making America a democracy, which was something that was not common in Europe. Hamilton rewrote the way countries were usually run.


Disparities in power alter the balance of relationship between individuals and between societies

“How does a bastard, orphan, son of a whore and a

Scotsman, dropped in the middle of a forgotten

Spot in the Caribbean by providence, impoverished, in squalor

Grow up to be a hero and a scholar?”

This passage exemplifies the big idea because the passage is saying that Hamilton was not a person that should be a hero, based on how he grew up. Since Hamilton didn’t grow up with a lot of power, he had a different relationship with people than he would if he grew up with power. If Hamilton grew up with power, this passage would be very different, and nobody would really be surprised that Hamilton became a hero.


Collective identity is constructed and can change over time

“Well, the word got around, they said, ‘This kid is insane, man’

Took up a collection just to send him to the mainland

‘Get your education, don’t forget from whence you came, and

The world’s gonna know your name. What’s your name, man?’”

This passage exemplifies the big idea because the passage shows how people of the time weren’t expecting Hamilton to have his great writing ability. Usually, the people with good writing ability would be of high social status, unlike Hamilton. Hamilton helped to change the collective identity of America by showing that not everybody in government needs to come from a high social status.


The Physical environment influences the nature of political, social, and economic change

“In New York you can

Be a new man.”

This passage exemplifies the big idea because the passage says that by changing locations, you can change the way you live. When Hamilton comes to New York, he changes his social status, as well as the economic status of America.

Jacques Cartier Independent Investigation

Historical Significance:

The inquiry question I posed for this investigation was, “How important were Cartier’s contributions to the creation of New France?”. Jacques Cartier was a French explorer who claimed what is now called Canada for France. Cartier was instrumental in the growth of European knowledge of Canada and its people. On Cartier’s first voyage, he was sent by King Francis I to find a passage to the Pacific Ocean around Newfoundland. This lead Cartier to explore the Gulf of St. Lawrence, where he came in contact with the Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the Haudenosaunee Confederacy). Cartier caused some tension when he planted a cross to claim the land for France. Understandably, the Iroquoians were not too happy with Cartier claiming their land. To make matters worse, Cartier kidnapped the two sons of the Iroquoian captain and he was going to take them back to France. Eventually, the captain agreed that his sons could be taken, as long as they returned with European goods. When the Europeans returned, the natives “…began to run away and would not come near, until our two [guides] had spoken to them…” (excerpt from Jacques Cartier’s journal). Cartier then gave the Iroquoians some small European goods. The trade of goods was a common theme in encounters between the Europeans and Iroquoians. The Iroquoians would trade fur pelts, and Cartier and the Europeans would bring tools and liquor. This constant trading made the Iroquoians the dominant “Canadian” trade force for around 75 years. The Iroquois trade cartier-and-iroquoisdominance is important because years later, Samuel de Champlain reached an agreement with the Wendat Confederacy to help defeat the Iroquois. In return, the Wendat Confederacy helped Champlain to establish a vast trade network and create New France.


Cause and Consequence:

There were a lot of factors that caused Jacques Cartier to sail to Canada, and many events that occurred because of his sail. Jacques Cartier was commissioned by King Francis I to try and find a west passage to Asia. The Asian market was wealthy thanks to cotton and silk found in India and China respectively. Cartier was tasked to look for the passage near Newfoundland, which had been discovered by John Cabot. This quest for a passage to Asia led Cartier to the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Chaleur Bay, where he met the Iroquois and Mi’kmaq. These encounters gave the Europeans a chance to see the life of the aboriginal peoples of Canada, but more importantly to Cartier, they got to see the goods that they have. Once Cartier returned to France, he spoke to the king about the riches that he saw in this new land called Canada. This caused the King to allow Cartier to return to Canada with more men and ships. These voyages to Canada contributed very heavily to the creation of New France. The same way John Cabot’s exploration around Canada helped Cartier with his exploration, Cartier’s exploration helped with Samuel de Champlain’s colonization. Cartier travelled the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence River, which cartier_first_voyage_map_1was where New France started. Cartier also grew the fur trade for the Iroquois Confederacy. One of the reasons New France succeeded was because the Europeans made a deal with the Wendat Confederacy to take down the Iroquois. Jacques Cartier’s exploration throughout Canada happened for these reasons among others, and the consequences of Cartier’s exploration contributed to the creation of New France.


            Historical Perspective:

Jacques Carter’s contributions to the creation of New France were viewed in a positive and negative way at the time. King Francis I liked what Jacques Cartier had found on his voyages. This was because Cartier told of great riches in Canada, which is what the king wanted Cartier to find in the first place. Cartier thought that he had found Asia, and when he reported that back to his king, the king was very pleased. King Francis I and Jacques Cartier thought they had succeeded in their mission to find Asia, even though we know now that they didn’t. We know that the king was pleased with Cartier because he sent Cartier back to Canada with more ships, and more men. Although Cartier was hailed as a hero in France, he wasn’t a hero to all. When Cartier first arrived in Iroquois and Mi’kmaq settlements, someiroquois-hiawatha-6people were eager to see the Frenchmen as they saw an opportunity to trade. Others were frightened by the appearance of Cartier and his men as shown in the journal excerpt from earlier. The natives got more upset with the Europeans as time went on. Cartier claimed Iroquoian land as French, refusing to eat Iroquoian food, and kidnapping two Iroquoians. These acts were understandably very disrespectful to the Iroquois Confederacy. Cartier’s actions were heroic to some, but despicable to others.


            Social Studies Inquiry Process:

            After conducting research, I am able to draw some conclusions about my inquiry question: “How important were Cartier’s contributions to the creation of New France?”. Over Jacques Cartier’s three voyages to Canada, he was able to expand the European’s knowledge of the “new world”.  Cartier had travelled around Newfoundland, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the St. Lawrence River. These areas proved vital in the creation of New France, whether as land for settlements or trade routes. Cartier also expanded communication and trade with the aboriginal peoples of Canada. Although many aboriginal peoples were already familiar with the concept of European trade, Cartier had gone into areas that no European had gone before. Some people that he met had never had any contact with Europeans. This expansion of trade resulted in the Iroquois becoming the dominant fur-trading-library-of-congress-770x470trade confederacy. Part of the success of New France was due to the Europeans aiding the Wendat Confederacy in defeating the Iroquois. Without Cartier giving the Iroquois trading power, the Wendat Confederacy may not have needed the Samuel de Champlain’s help. With what Cartier had done in Canada, he had generated interest from the French in colonizing Canada. This interest eventually led to Samuel de Champlain and his quest to form New France. Jacques Cartier had increased the knowledge of Canada, grew the fur trade, and generated interest in colonizing Canada. These accomplishments by Cartier were essential to the creation of New France.



Crossroads A Meeting of Nations (Second Edition)

DOL: #3, Independent Canadian Inquiry



In-Depth Post #5

During spring break, I used some free time I had to work on my in-depth project. I met with my mentor, Davinder, to talk about my progress and how to move forward. In our meeting I showed Davinder some comic panels that I drew. He gave me some pointers about which perspective types I want to use on certain panels of my comics. For example, Davinder said that he likes to use the first panel as a wide shot that “sets the scene” and lets the reader know where everything is. For the next panel, Davinder told me to do a close up of the main focus of the comic page. This is a good way to let the reader know what the focus of the next page(s) will be. Even though we had started transitioning from learning how to draw to learning how to tell stories, I still needed some help with some aspects of drawing including hair, hands, and feet. To improve on these skills, I showed Davinder a picture of an athlete that I drew. Davinder was able to give me tips on how to improve the areas that I struggled with. For our next meeting, Davinder asked me to draw a few more comic panels. I decided that these next panels that I will draw will be the start of my comic book that I will present on in-depth night.

One kind of learning opportunity that Davinder provides me to expose me to new learning is by showing me his drawing book. This exposes me to new learning by showing me new techniques that other artists use to practice and improve their drawing skills. Another opportunity that my mentor provides which exposes me to new learning is taking knowledge from other areas besides drawing and applying that knowledge to my drawing skills. For example, we talk about human anatomy which helps me with drawing humans. We also talk about techniques used in filming movies because a lot of those techniques apply to comics.

One kind of learning opportunity that reinforces new learning is looking at other comics. Seeing techniques that I use being used in other comics helps to show the popular uses of these techniques. Another opportunity that reinforces new learning is looking for online sources that talk about similar concepts that Davinder and I talk about. Doing this can help show what I learn in mentor meetings. One kind of opportunity that can accelerate learning is seeking review from non-artists. Seeing what the average reader thinks of my drawings can help me figure out what areas I need to work more on, and what areas I have done a good job of. Another opportunity that can accelerate learning is doing more research on drawing skills, other than meeting with my mentor.

When Davinder and I get together, we talk about previous work that I did. This wasn’t the case at our first meetings because I didn’t have much work to show, but now as I am able to create more drawings I am able to show Davinder more of my work. We usually spend an hour editing and talking about my work. After that, we spend another fifteen to thirty minutes looking at other areas to focus on. Something that is going well in my mentoring relationship is our ability to quickly progress. We are able to learn at the pace I outlined in my in-depth proposal. We are moving at this pace because we both understand the goals that I want to achieve, and when I want to achieve them. During our meetings, I am learning lots about Davinder including different projects he’s working on such as his comic series. I also learned about characters he likes to draw, especially ones in Marvel movies. Davinder has learned about TALONS, and why I am part of it.

The next few weeks are going to be a lot of work, but it will hopefully have a good payoff at in-depth night


17th Century Letter

Dear Father,

It is I, Williamus Jenkins. Life in London has gotten worse. You were right to leave. People here are dying by the thousands. There is a disease out there, infecting those around me. All I can do is try to isolate myself, but I’m not sure how much longer I will last. The doctors are trying to cure the ill by bloodletting and burning special herbs, but these techniques are proving inefficient. I’ve never seen anything that bloodletting couldn’t cure. There are many suspicions of where this powerful disease came from. Some say that there is poison in the water. I don’t know if that’s true, but I’m not taking any chances. Even if I don’t bathe for several days, I won’t be the worst looking person on the streets of London. I myself have some suspicions of where this dreadful disease came from. I blame the cats. They have a wicked look in their eyes and I feel they have nefarious motives. Many people seem to agree with me and we are working together to get rid of these scornful animals. Hopefully our efforts will prove effective. During this time of death in England, I worry about who our king really is. King James claims to be appointed by God but does nothing when the people of his land are dying. With the power and goodness of God, the king should act, and not let his people die. The king has great power, and with that power comes responsibility. There are only two reasons why the king would let his people die like this: God is not all good, or the king is not appointed by god. There is much confusion among the streets of London. I hope Jamestown is much better than here.


Williamus Jenkins