zip version two

The last couple of days I went in-depth into one of the sources, while also browsing some videos online. Here is a list of the notes I compiled:

General info:

  • Late 2000s only around 12 companies created trailers for movies
  • Presently over 100+ companies create
  • Trailers have become more trusted than friends/the media/rotten tomatoes

Editing info:

  • Step one: Create a detailed dialogue and breakdown of the events/footage
    • Label clips with character dialogue and organize most important areas
    • Separate trailer by categories and find film for that
    • The order they exist in trailer is irrelevant


  • Step two: Separate and cut out audio before video
    • Keep in mind the rhythm and concept you are going for
    • Base your audio clips off the emotion you are trying to portray
    • Focus on editorial style rather than the story itself
    • Your audio must flow with the music and sound effects, meaning the video is just an addition to the audio
    • Starting with audio provides flexibility


  • Step three: Tell a story with style
    • Style of trailer is arguably more important than the story/plot itself
    • Avoid constant uninterrupted streams of info
    • Try to follow: Dialogue line — moment — line — moment — line — moment


  • Step four: excite your audience without spoiling the film
    • Nothing should be fully resolved, plot should be left uncertain to leave curiosity
    • Create suspense instead of finishing certain areas
    • Think of trailer as a list of promises:
      • Action: promise they’ll be excited
      • Comedy: promise they’ll laugh
      • Drama: promise they’ll feel emotion
    • For every moment, ask “What is this moment/shot/line promising to the audience?”

Although I’m doing pretty well note-wise, I do seem to be struggling a bit with finding good sources going into genres specifically. I’m also finding difficulty in deciding what genre I would like to pursue for my trailer, considering the many options there are available. For the next focus blocks in class, I’m going to focus on finding topics that relate to a bigger idea compared to my question, due to the lack of information currently. As for my brainstorming problem, I still have plenty of time to decide and consider all the factors.

zip version one

This blog post is the first of many yet to come. It is the second day of my Zip inquiry, and this blog post will consist of the research I have conducted these past days. Due to a consultation I had yesterday, I was unable to do much research before leaving, but what I did manage to find were three different sources that I’m sure will be very beneficial.

Inquiry question: “How are different genre movie trailers created to attract different audiences?”


This first source provides a short summary and synthesis of some techniques used in horror, action, and fantasy trailers. They provided six different examples, all of which seem to provide suspense and tension. Here are the six points they provided:

  1. “Long shots to establish character, setting and the ‘dilemma’
  2. Fades to black that suggest shifts in time
  3. Transitions accompanied by booming SFX, building tension and placing significance on the text on screen – often white on black
  4. Short shots and quick cuts of some of the most exciting moments from the film, the ‘events’ that lead to resolution but not necessarily in chronological order
  5. Quiet music to establish story, menacing music to highlight villains, build to a crescendo
  6. Sudden moments of quiet and silence between and after music and SFX, which have equal impact on mood and pace.”

The second part of this source provided tactics to use when creating a comedy trailer, something more upbeat and lighthearted rather than high speed intensity. I learned that when editing a comedy, editors tend to be looser and lighter, using child-like sound effects or music to suggest that an unserious mood. This site also provided some good starting ideas that are used commonly in the film industry.

This second source provides an example, the drama “GRASSLAND.” It goes over some of the previous points in the first source, but also has additional shots, examples being: Close up shots, two shots, mid shots, over-the-shoulder shots, and music. The site goes in depth on how each technique adds to the overall effect of the trailer, presenting a suspenseful and intense plot. I will be looking farther into it as I continue, checking back continuously.

Now this source has some naughty language in the title, but other than that it’s an important and helpful site. The general information it provides is how to literally edit a movie trailer, instead of focusing on cuts, music, and sound effects. It strays more on the side of editing a trailer, not a smaller movie. There are five steps provided, all avoiding the movie’s plot and instead attempting to draw in the audience with the most enticing video clips.

zip inquiry proposal

The inquiry question I’m pursuing this year is

“How are different genre movie trailers created to attract different audiences?”

This was chosen due to my interest in film creation, film direction, and overall video editing. Being able to learn and practice filmmaking is a major skill I want to practice and perfect, due to the increased importance it holds in our future, and my own interest in the actual creation. The main motivation I have for the final product is not only to learn and be able to use this skill in the future, but to also feel accomplishment and pride after completing my presentation.

Currently, I have a basic understanding of what makes something stand out to different audiences, that certain genres appeal to different ages and personalities, etc. The skills I possess help with focusing more of my time on the actual research and learning, because I already have prior knowledge in video editing and manipulation.

At the end of this assignment, I hope to have expanded on overall film creation in general. By this, I mean video editing, directing, planning, and organizing, whether that be about scheduling or designing.

In the process of creating my film, I most likely will approach some of my classmates or family members to assist me in filming and acting. Research wise, I may talk to some of the TALONS alumni like Elijah or Nathan, because of their experience.

Some resources that I’m likely to use include actual trailers for real movies, tutorials or informative websites online, and like I said earlier, alumni that have experience. Most of my information will come from online sources that professionals or trusted writers have researched themselves as well. Surveys and interviews will also be of help.

At the end of my inquiry, I’m planning to create an actual trailer based on the genre I conclude as the most effective and attractive. I plan to spend two to three minutes introing my inquiry, present some concepts or skills that I had to learn, or overall interesting information, then spend the rest of the time showing the trailer I will have created.

My schedule and plan to complete this is as follows:

January 2nd – 7th: Finish posting proposal and rubric

January 8th – 13th: Research

January 14th – 18th: Draft trailer and plan plot

January 19th – 20th: Filming

January 21st – 27th: Edit and compile any needed resources for finished product and presentation

January 28th – 29th: Present


earthsea chapter one – imagery

What stood out the most about Le Guin’s overall writing style in Chapter 1 of the novel?

The imagery Le Guin uses in Chapter 1 aids in the overall energy of the novel. Her detailed description of the setting emphasizes the importance of the setting’s role in the plot. The illustration of small items provides a deeper connection, for example when she writes, “It was low and dusky, windowless, fragrant with herbs that hung drying from the cross pole of the roof, mint and moly and thyme, yarrow and rushwash and paramal, kingsfoil, clovenfoot, tansy and bay” (3-4). Although the description isn’t necessary, it increases the image within our minds and provides a deeper feeling. Le Guin purposely avoids going too in-depth into the characters’ appearances, allowing for inferences and creativity to take its place within the story. Some of the only character description that takes place in Chapter 1 is when Duny “looked down at his thing arms, wet with cold fog-dew and raged at his weakness…” barely stating anything about his actual appearance (10). The imagery Le Guin uses in specific scenarios highlights the importance of the description, allowing for a better image for the reader. An example of this is when she writes, “The fog was thinning under the heat of the sun that shone bare above on the peak in a bright sky,” setting the scene and providing an image within our heads (10). All of the intense setting and vague character description supports not only the plot of the novel, but the feeling as well.


Here are the six principles I have chosen to focus on:

  1. Lead yourself exceptionally well.
    In TALONS, a lot of us have the tendency to overthink and overwork ourselves, and this principle focuses perfectly on that. We have to keep in mind that although we may be in a place of leadership, in the long run, what we do depends on how well we take care of ourselves. On adventure trips, cultural events, anything else of the sort, our main priority is managing ourselves first. If any issues occur, we should avoid displaying emotions that may panic the group, and instead relax and analyze the situation from a larger perspective. We have to be able to set priorities and determine what is most important during not only times of leadership, but also times of difficulty. If we were to be lost in the forest, rather than panicking and walking in circles blindly, we should breathe and brainstorm solutions, strategize how to get back. Having a relaxed and stable mind allows for a clearer thought process, overall strengthening our leadership and group dynamic.
  2. Lighten your leader’s load.
    When delegated tasks we should work to complete said task before moving on to other jobs. In TALONS, this would relate the most when certain people who have a want for consistent leadership are placed in the role of a follower, fighting the urge to assist or help out. At times I definitely try to assist and help the leaders lead, an example being Jerome and Yoonha’s cultural event. Being good friends with Jerome and Yoonha, I really wanted to help out and provide advice, but occasionally even I felt like I was trying too hard to lead and not trying hard enough to follow. They planned the cultural event, so I should have gone along, and if truly necessary I would have helped out. If we understand and believe in something our leader is saying, we should be able to speak up and stand up for them, provide support in order to get ideas moving. Simultaneously, speaking up against an idea is also okay, specifically pushing the leader in the right direction rather than doing their work for them.


  1. Don’t pretend you’re perfect.
    Mistakes happen to both ourselves and those around us, so this statement has more than one meaning. When others make mistakes and accidents we mustn’t rush to blame or discipline, but rather take time to think and analyze the situation. Simultaneously, when we make mistakes we often take it as an opportunity to shame ourselves and feel disappointment. As both leaders and followers, we have to understand the importance of being imperfect, facing mistakes head on and not feeling as if it’s a completely negative occurrence. Issues within TALONS work such as cultural events, leadership events, eminent, and in-depth are incredibly important, but should not be negatively reinforced. Asking questions and seeking advice is another big issue, avoiding help in order to be portrayed as independent and intelligent. Feeling the need to continuously be perfect causes pressure to build up and will lead to the creation of unrealistic requirements.
  2. Understand, practice, and learn the leadership loop.
    This heavily relates to TALONS, specifically because of the relationships built within. It is safe to say that we have completed the leadership loop continuously, being able to easily converse with anyone within the program. As TALONS learners, we began taking an interest in one another since the retreat, all of us putting in effort to learn about one another. We all appreciate one another’s assistance and participation, wanting to influence each other positively. Throughout TALONS we have proved our ability to lead, succeed, verbalize, contribute, appreciate, learn, and care for others, whether that be on trips, events, or during our day to day lives. Ever since we began this program we have been going through the leadership loop. During cultural events we spend time with others and learn about our dislikes, likes, etc. Leaders of the events learn how to lead and how to affirm people, while the followers can continue to contribute and appreciate the leader’s efforts of organizing and building their cultural event.


  1. Place people in their strength zones.

I actually slightly disagree with this statement. It isn’t necessarily a negative thing if one were to be placed in an area of weakness, depending on the importance of the situation. If we continuously avoid our areas of weakness then we would never go through significant changes and realizations that teach us more about who we are. Getting placed within these areas allow for us to either adapt and learn, or to realize and understand what we need to work on. In school, everyone is told to do the same tasks as one another while being graded the same way. We are continuously placed into situations of weakness no matter what we think, and we are forced to put in effort or to give up. Some people are academically intelligent but struggle to participate in P.E., while others may excel at P.E. but struggle in academics. Placing people within zones they are good at results in increased efficiency, but taking the risk of overcoming weaknesses also plays a large role in the evolution of a company and a person. Public speaking is a large part within TALONS, and prior to joining it had been one of my weaknesses. After being forced to public speak and face my weakness, I grew stronger in the process and now feel comfortable speaking in front of large crowds.

  1. Transfer the vision.

Interacting with your followers and leaders is a critical part of not only good leadership, but also relationships. Issues within groups are occasionally due to improper communication, therefore it is important to be clear but concise when talking to one another. Clarity is important when delegating tasks and learning about your followers, being able to properly show people what you desire. Connecting past, present, and future mistakes/accomplishments is key to learning from the past. On the Hick’s Lake Retreat we all set goals and challenged ourselves to interact with one another, learning and discovering facts about each other. Transferring the vision properly to those above you, below you, and beside you is crucial when leading down/communicating.


people are their worst enemies

Beware of no man more than yourself; we carry our worst enemies within us.

Charles Spurgeon

All people are their own worst enemies. No matter what occurs to people, it will forever be dependent on who they are and who they identify as. Whether subconsciously or not, all the events that occur within our life are related to every decision we make and how we were created. How we decide to portray negative or positive events determines our character and future actions. At points it may seem to be out of our control, but we cannot control who we identify as. Negative occurrences by those around us can be connected to their decisions, but it is likely that if we didn’t identify as who we are, and our character appealed to their character, we would be without issue and nothing would occur. People are their own worst enemies, whether on purpose or not. Their actions and identity play a part in all matters, regardless of what they believe they think.

LaCE wise nuggets

I interviewed a middle school teacher, interested in learning about the background and work environment of an educator, both from an academic point of view and a social point of view. Here are my wise nugs:


Receiving or hearing negative comments and misconceptions often hinders one’s ability to enjoy or concentrate on their tasks.

One’s satisfaction within in a career is determined by the effort or energy exerted into doing said career.

Impacting others positively is significant and often influences our own personal happiness.

film vs text

Music is an example of an art form that forces us to express emotion, appealing to our senses. The human mind naturally dragoons us into feeling whatever we are able to sense, providing more interaction and entertainment than words.
Kurt Vonnegut and Chandler Tuttle illustrate the intimidating “equalization” of the United States through the short story, “Harrison Bergeron,” and the film adaptation, 2081. Both stories focus on the main character, Harrison Bergeron, a rebellious powerhouse fighting for justice and his freedom in the public eye, while his parents unknowingly observe. The film adaptation 2081 proves to be more effective than the original text, considering the interaction with our senses and the increased connection.
When comparing the two medias, 2081 appeals to our senses, specifically our vision, hearing, and emotion. The tension quickly rises as Harrison enters the hushed theatre in a rushed manner, dragging a man by his dress shirt, Tuttle portraying him as seemingly unstoppable or invincible. With a sudden frightening yell he silences the entire crowd, his physical condition wretched yet intimidating, providing a feeling of fear and suspense. The realistic motion of the camera adds to the disturbing mood, constantly shaking as if in panic as well. 2081’s ability to cast emotion derives from the unsettling but accurate cinematography, examples being the lack of lighting and the loud echoing during Harrison’s theatre scenes. In Vonnegut’s original text, he provides simple and concise conversation, amalgamated with the occasional expanded moment, an example being “They reeled, whirled, swiveled, flounced, capered, gamboled, and spun. They leaped like dear on the moon” (4). Although Vonnegut’s text provides an eerie and mysterious feeling, it is nothing compared to visuals and volume. The audience is only able to infer the setting, whereas the film adaptation allows us to focus more on the growing plot, rather than the unknown setting.
Connections between the audience and plot is critical in order to capture attention and interaction. In the film adaptation, Harrison is presented saner than in the original text. He explains the pain and suffering he has been through, exclaiming, “I am an abomination of the able […] for the last six years I have been held prisoner, to the state. Sentenced, without trial, to torture, without end,” allowing sympathy to take course and create relatable content for the audience. In Vonnegut’s text, Harrison is perceived as egotistical and self-centered, stating “I am the Emperor […] Do you hear? I am the Emperor! Everybody must do what I say at once!” (3). The text distances the audience from connecting with Harrison’s emotion, whereas the film adaptation provides us with concern and compassion.
The overall interaction with our senses along with the added emotional connection proves how much more effective Chandler Tuttle’s 2081 is in comparison with Kurt Vonnegut’s “Harrison Bergeron.” The visuals, sounds, acting, and authenticity of a film adaptation allow for it to be entertaining, demonstrating which form of media is superior.

eminent – jeremy lin

I’m not working hard and practicing day in and day out so that I can please other people. My audience is God.

Image result for linsanity

Jeremy Lin leading the NY Knicks on a winning streak, “Linsanity 2012”

My eminent person for this year’s “Night of the Notables” is Jeremy Lin. Jeremy Lin is the first American of Chinese or Taiwanese descent to participate in the NBA, and one of the only Asian Americans to be in the overall league up to this date. Lin was constantly denied a chance to prove his worth and play professional basketball, despite being the three-time All-Conference player in the Ivy League, and earning the Northern California Player of the Year honours in his high school senior year.
Jeremy’s perseverance through obstacles like discrimination inspires and draws me into his personality as a whole. He continues to live an underdog story and fight the stereotype for Asians all across the world, influencing perspectives and proving everyone wrong. His Asian descent perpetuated his stereotypical strengths and weaknesses, preventing him from being drafted and playing basketball. In the end, his determination proved to be his biggest strength, never quitting his battle to become one of the greats.
I believe that Jeremy and I are pretty alike. The concept of respecting everyone and using negativity or hate to the best of one’s ability applies to both of us, as well as an introverted yet extroverted personality. Integrity is also incredibly critical, not only “talking the talk” but “walking the walk.” Provided is a chart with more comparisons/similarities:

Jeremy Lin Kevin Gong
Male Male
Chinese American descent Chinese Canadian descent
English first language English first language
Chinese second language Chinese second language
Middle Class Middle Class
Born and raised in North America Born and raised in North America
Basketball player Soccer player
Two brothers Two brothers
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Kobe Bryant guarding Jeremy Lin after saying he wouldn’t need to guard him

A goal we both share involves proving our worth, while simultaneously being ourselves. Jeremy continues to demolish stereotypes and exemplify who he really is, and working up to doing that can be somewhat difficult. As for barriers, I am not a professional NBA player who fought through discrimination, nor have I been trash-talked by Kobe Bryant or Floyd Mayweather. To address these barriers in my speech, I will do my best to represent the inferred emotions he keeps inside himself. Although there are some bottled up emotions within him, he is a respectful role model. Based on his reaction to hate, his publicity with his religious beliefs, and his politeness towards everyone, Jeremy exhibits a calm, cool, and collected personality. He does his best with what he’s got and brushes away negativity, quoting “I’ve surrendered that to God. I’m not in a battle with what everybody else thinks anymore,” and “Well, I’m not here to live up to anyone else’s expectations-I’m here to live up to mine.”
Jeremy Lin has altered many admirable perspectives within professional sports, specifically perspectives to do with Asians and high tier sports leagues, like basketball. The “universe ding” he provides reminds people how discrimination isn’t necessarily against only a single minority, and that a majority of discrimination is overlooked in the media. Jeremy will be remembered for as many years the NBA stays relevant, being known as the first Chinese/Taiwanese American to play in it.
He faced many obstacles when getting to where he is today, each of them urging him to stop the farther he went. Despite earning the Northern California Player of the Year honours in high school, he failed to receive a scholarship and then decided to go to Harvard. After becoming the three-time All-Conference player in the Ivy League at Harvard, he was once again rejected and remained undrafted when leaving college. Eventually, Jeremy reached a partially guaranteed contract deal in 2010 with the Golden State Warriors, where he then got released after one season. He was then signed by the Houston Rockets, and after another season he was cut once again. Assigned to NBA’s Development League and cut twice from two teams in two seasons, Jeremy’s future was not looking bright. He inferred that he had only one chance left, and in December 2011 he was assigned to the New York Knicks, desperate from losing 11 of their last 13 games. In February 2012, Jeremy led the Knicks on a winning streak, and after demolishing Kobe Bryant, he became known as “Linsanity.” He was constantly denied his dream because of his race, his reputation, his relevance, despite his achievements and skills. All Jeremy wanted was to be able to follow his dreams and live his passion, in constant fear of ending up in an office. When overcoming these obstacles, his only motivation was his love for basketball and for God, playing for himself, not playing to prove himself.

Image result for jeremy lin golden state warriors

Jeremy Lin Golden State Warriors 2010

Jeremy Lin is a role model for minorities that face discrimination. All the obstacles he beat, the stereotypes he proved wrong, and the change he provided, these are all reasons why he should and will be remembered. His accomplishments are relevant to our generation, playing a big part in the NBA’s history. Out of all the people in this field, I chose Jeremy because of the similarities we hold, and because he faces obstacles much more diverse than everyone else in his field.
This year’s Eminent is going to be a doozy, especially on stage in front of a crowd. Although, if I were to take a single piece of wisdom from Jeremy, it would be that we shouldn’t care how others perceive us.
As Jeremy Lin once said, “I’m not playing to prove anything to anybody.”

Image result for jeremy lin kobe bryant

How might we begin to “reject the single stor[ies]” in our lives?

Single stories often influence too much about our vulnerable perspectives and personalities, so we should avoid making substantial judgments based on other’s information. Singular sources are appealing, but cannot provide the entire story and all of its perspectives. These single stories can perpetuate false ideas and disturb people involved, an example being when Chimamanda Adichie’s professor stated that her novel was “not authentically African,” because her character was too similar to him. Not only are his sources false, but the thought process he exemplified was incredibly disrespectful, inconsiderate, and ignorant. Simultaneously, I have just based my entire impression of him off of a single story. At no point in time have I met him or learned about his personality, yet I continued to judge him on who he is. The professor’s statement and my judgment prove how these perspectives influence our minds on one another, and how improbable our view may as well be. “The danger of a single story” refers to the risk involved believing one source, having only one perspective when many others are involved. Rejecting these single stories requires observation of all possible POV’s, synthesizing information into a compact idea or set of ideas. We will never be able to gain access to all the stories on one topic, but simply having one story risks too much false information being supported. Considering all perspectives and sources avoids solid judgments, and allow for the realization, “that there is never a single story about any place”( Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, 2009).