Urban Studies – Comparing Models

IDS venn diagram FINAL

IDS venn diagram PDF FINAL








The Statute of Westminster

Cause and Consequence:Related image

Before Canada had the desire for independence, Britain was the mother nation that always had overriding authority. The Dominions – Canada, Australia, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Irish Free State – being part of the great British Empire, constantly followed through with Britain’s orders and political stances. However, this changed after the first World War. Joining World War 1 was an unwilling decision made by the overruling British Empire. It was more so a forced decision because Britain felt threatened by the German control over Belgium. Originally, the Canadian Parliament had no intentions of participating in the war, but since Britain made the executive choice, Canada got pulled into the action. After the war ended in 1918, Canada began to increasingly assert independence and autonomy. Finally, in the late 1920s, Canada displayed its sign of sovereignty by requesting a law (later to be known as the Statute of Westminster) in which they received full legal freedom.

Historical Perspective:

The passing of the Statute of Westminster law was beneficial to Canada as a whole. Therefore, most Canadian citizens at the time were supportive of this action that granted their country autonomy. Unfortunately, little to no information about the perspectives of Canadians on this event was disclosed to the public. Based on my research, there is limited access to evidence that clearly states how Canadians viewed the Statute of Westminster during the Interwar time period. Although there is no concrete proof, we can infer that people in the 1920s-1930s were relieved to hear that the law was passed by Britain. Only the bare minimal population that liked or wanted to be under the British influence were not satisfied, but it is not likely that this is the case. The Statute stated that “nations were granted the freedom to pass their own laws without the consent of British Parliament, and Britain was no longer able to void or alter laws made in its Dominions” (Cuggy, 2011). In other words, Dominions were able to repeal and amend their own laws without British interference, which was the actual step taken to Canadian independence.

Continuity and Change:

Many aspects of Canadian history were changed due to the implementation of the Statute. Political values were the most affected by the law, considering it was a law that allowed Canada independence from British laws and regulations. With this, the Canadian government was given the independence it needed to build a legislative foundation. However, it is also important to recognize the difference between the Statute of Westminster and the Balfour Report. Both being a declaration of constitutional equality and independence for the Dominions, after the Balfour Report was instituted, Canada still remained linked to Britain politically, but legal power had shifted to the Canadian Parliament and its prime minister. It took several decades before Canada got all its powers (from the Statue of Westminster}, but fairly quickly this shift led to an independent Canadian foreign policy. On the other hand, the Statute “clarified the status of Canada and the Dominions as independent states with international legal personality (as opposed to self-governing entities of Great Britain)”, which was what the Balfour Declaration expressed (Parcasio, 2017).

Historical Significance:

The Statute of Westminster, Chapter 4. This page declares that the following pages of the document are resolutions made within the years of 1926 and 1931 regarding the legal freedom of the Dominions. (see below)

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William Lyon Mackenzie King (former Prime Minister) with the Premiers of Quebec and Ontario. This photo was taken at the Imperial Conference in 1926, where the passing of the Statute took place.

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The passing of the Statute of Westminster was the true moment Canada became autonomous. Although Canada had most of its political freedom granted with the Balfour Report in 1926, it did not use their autonomy to full potential until later on after the Statute was enacted. In fact, many Canadians in that period believed that Britain wasn’t foreign, and was a great imperialistic nation in which Canada should have been a follower to. During the interwar years, Canada explored their freedom and recognized that it was no longer a subordinate to any higher power. This event was indeed a stepping stone to Canadian autonomy. However, the rising of independence was a “gradual change”, as many events in the following years helped Canada gain the political autonomy it has today (Hillmer, 2006). For instance, until 1982, Britain still remained in power when deciding or allowing amendments and alterations of the British North American Acts. This changed after the Constitution Act of 1982, when Canada was able to complete some unfinished business regarding its independence. The Constitution Act stated that Canadians were able to amend and repeal their own constitution without needing the approval of the British Parliament.

DESMOS Drawing!


When this assignment was given to me, I was so excited to begin. At first, I had no idea what I wanted to create. My greatest option was to just browse the internet, and so I stumbled upon this image:

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It gave an edgy aesthetic, which I kind of liked. The first thing I noticed was that it had a lot of short lines used for eyebrow and eyelash details. I decided that it would take way too long to create every line, so the idea of inequalities was brought to my attention. My plan was to shade in the eyebrow regions as well as the eyeliner regions. After planning out the general final look of this project, I started graphing on DESMOS. The first thing that I did was make the frames of the eyes. I did this step first because the frames of the eyes shape the entire look, so I had to get this step right. My next step was to graph the eyeballs. To be honest, I had trouble figuring this part out. I required assistance from Mr. Salisbury when I realized I didn’t know how to graph translations for the circles. I also struggled with setting the correct restrictions on the circles so they fit inside the eye frames. In the end. the solution was to graph the exact same circle twice and set two different restrictions so they overlap. That was my main challenge during the graphing process.

For my drawing, I used quadratic equations the most. This is most likely because my image consisted of many eyelashes and generally “round” lines. Quadratic equations were the easiest to use because their curves could be easily altered to fit the drawing I was going for. The second most used equation would probably be the linear equation. Although it may seem like my drawing doesn’t include many (if any) straight lines, it actually needed many short straight lines to connect the curved lines. The linear equation, much like the quadratic equation, was easy to manipulate, since the equation itself is simple to understand. Lastly, another equation – actually, relation – that I used quite a bit was the circle relation. Like I mentioned previously, I used it when graphing the eyeballs. However, it also came in handy when making curves that circled more than 180 degrees, which was difficult to do without graphing circles. Other than these equations (and relation), I also used a couple of trig functions and reciprocal functions. These were only useful in certain situations; for example, I used the reciprocal function for the nose and the trig function for a lip. This was simply because these functions perfectly captured the curves that I was trying to achieve for these specific features. Unfortunately, I did not get around to using cubic equations, square root functions, or exponential functions.

As I learned from Pre-Calculus 11, translations were graphed by adjusting the p and variables in the quadratic equation. I became very nit-picky with the translations, as each line had to be perfectly aligned with one another. All of my equations had numbers like “2.7384” going all the way into the ten thousandths to make sure it was precisely graphed. This was also the case for vertical or horizontal extensions or compressions. Eyelashes took a long time because I tried to get each eyelash parabola compressed or extended to a perfect degree. With graphing, I did not really use any strategies, unless you count copy and pasting a strategy. When graphing many lines that were similar, like eyelashes per se, I would copy and paste one equation over and over and then simply alter that one equation. This reduced a ton of time for me.


Just for fun, I decided to add on to my original image plan and create a nose and mouth. This was just an impulse decision, and I completely eye-balled the entire thing. (I believe I forgot to mention this earlier, but I also technically eye-balled the eyes as well, because I was dumb and didn’t know I could paste my image into DESMOS and use it as a guide.) Either way, it was very fun to graph on an online program for the first time. The process was so engaging that every time I began to graph, I wanted to continue even after the class was over. I learned/reviewed how to translate graphs, compress/stretch circles, use inequalities to shade in areas, and use restrictions to determine where lines begin and end. This project was an extraordinary and awesome way to end our math year. I genuinely enjoyed learning how to graph images on DESMOS, and I might continue creating fun graphs and exploring the possibilities of functions and equations.

Sir John A-Canadian-Founder Macdonald

Historical figures are often examined under a negative spotlight, leaving people no choice but to recognize and perpetuate their wrongdoings. Recently, Canada’s first prime minister and founding father, John A. Macdonald, has been questioned for his values. A dispute has formed within communities, bringing up the topic of whether John A. Macdonald should be removed from the public sphere or not. Although his personal beliefs and ideas don’t correlate with the current societal norms, he should not be hidden away from the public eye, as he was an influential and determined leader despite his flaws. His work for Canada should not be dismissed simply because his views are not considered acceptable today. John A. Macdonald’s choice to extend voting rights to the First Nations peoples and women, as well as the fact that we cannot judge him without a historical perspective, are reasons why he should be kept in the public sphere: acknowledged and respected.

When John A. Macdonald was prime minister, he attempted to extend voting rights to both the First Nations peoples as well as women. These bold decisions went against the norms of his time, causing controversy within the nation. Yet, he still fought for this policy to be put in place. This act was the closest that Canada would get to achieving equal rights in the mid-1800s, and his actions can now be seen as rightful in the contemporary mind. In fact, it has been proven that this policy “pre-dated the granting of the vote to women in Canada in 1918 by a third of a century” (Gwyn). Unfortunately, in 1898, Wilfrid Laurier disapproved of this policy and thus, shut it down. Macdonald unknowingly took one of the first and biggest steps towards shaping Canada into what it is today. Battling against the norms of his time, he was the first to take action in making an effort for equality within Canada. Since the majority of people in the 1800s were what we now consider “sexist” and “racist”, they were not exactly thrilled to hear that Macdonald believed “that the definition of “persons” should be broadened to include women” (Gwyn). Despite the disapproval from his fellow comrades, his stubbornness allowed him to take a stand for his own beliefs, which is an admirable trait for a political leader.

Contrarily, some would argue that Macdonald was a severely flawed person and having his displays in public is a sign of disregard of all the poor choices he made. However, they forget that we cannot judge his perspectives because they were formed in a time when “sexism” and “racism” weren’t acknowledged. Like any other praised political leader, he was committed to the right values of society then and worked hard to ensure that his actions reflected the people’s wants. Rather than deprecating him and his brutal actions towards the Indigenous peoples, leaving him present in the public sphere merely allows people to realize and recognize the flaws and qualities of this man. Not only is it crucial for us to realize how far we have come in the current day, but also to acknowledge both the good and bad Macdonald did for Canada. With his statues and monuments displayed around Canada, we can educate ourselves about the first prime minister, including his actions and behaviors, both constructive and destructive. Macdonald was a strong-willed leader, who was willing to make sacrifices for what he believed was best for the country. To those who perceive Macdonald as an imperfect, flawed human, one must remember that “while Macdonald did make mistakes, so did [all] Canadians, collectively” (Gwyn). Nevertheless, his brave and daring efforts to confederate this wild and wide land was inspirational and worthy of recognition.

Removing John A. Macdonald’s name from public schools will not reduce problematic issues regarding reconciliation. It is, in fact, dismissing the bad deeds he has done as a prime minister as well as the good. By erasing him from the public sphere, we are invalidating his accomplishments and work as a founding father. John A. Macdonald is an eminent person. He is someone who established the very land we live on today. Just because he is not someone who perpetuated reconciliation or peacemaking does not mean we have to follow in his footsteps. Our current values and norms as a nation do not have to mirror his; however, understanding the truth of all perspectives in history is important for our knowledge of Canada. John A. Macdonald should not be removed from the public sphere, as his figure and name represent the progress we’ve made throughout the years.



National Post. “Richard Gwyn: How Macdonald Almost Gave Women the Vote.” National Post, 14 Jan. 2015, nationalpost.com/opinion/richard-gwyn-how-macdonald-almost-gave-women-the-vote.

Johnson, J.K., and Tabitha Marshall. “Sir John A. Macdonald.” The Canadian Encyclopedia, 2017, www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sir-john-alexander-macdonald.

Gwyn, Robert J. “Canada’s Father Figure.” Canada’s Father Figure – Canada’s History, 6 Jan. 2016, www.canadashistory.ca/explore/prime-ministers/canada-s-father-figure.

Clio’s Current. “Hero or Villain: Sir John A. Macdonald in Recent Canadian Memory.” Clio’s Current, Clio’s Current, 17 Apr. 2015, clioscurrent.com/blog/2015/4/17/kjjw2i32yhqmb8zvscr74yz5bbahjo.


Lucky Man: A Memoir

Lucky Man: A Memoir.

What an ironic title for an autobiography of a man who was diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease.

Lucky. A term used when things are good. when things just so happen to go well. You wouldn’t think that someone diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease would call themselves lucky. But that’s exactly what Michael J. Fox thought. In his work, Lucky Man: A Memoir, he recounts the brightest and the darkest parts of his life. From his difficult path to stardom to his struggle with Parkinson’s disease, Michael J. Fox shares how he changed his perspective to see himself as someone blessed, someone lucky. He shares the tale that so many other Canadians know as well as they know themselves. A tale of shifting perspective. A story of resilience. A story where we Canadians reframe the world so that the worst of circumstances becomes our best scenario.

The story of Michael J. Fox begins in 1976 when he first appears on television. As a young teen living on the outskirts of Edmonton, Alberta, gaining publicity is not an easy job. However, almost ten years later, he finally reaches his big break on a popular sitcom called “Family Ties”. Fame begins to be a part of his life, and not long after, “Family Ties” wins its first, second, then third Emmy Award. Throughout these years, Michael J. Fox becomes familiar with the media, showbiz, and being a celebrity overall. During his time as a celebrity, Michael J. Fox believed that he had done it. He’d worked hard despite his background and made it into the world of showbiz, becoming a huge star. He had faced his midlife crisis, surely everything would go well from now on. When it seemed as if his life could be smooth sailing, a piece of news put a pause to his career. 1991. Michael J. Fox was diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease. When he first received the news, “lucky: was definitely not one of the words that came to mind. In fact, he saw no future for himself. He believed he was cursed, the unlucky subject of a cruel joke from fate.

This perspective -however- soon changed when he realized that he was rather lucky to simply be alive. The chances he was able to take in his childhood that led him to successful adulthood. The strength that was given by his fellow actors and supporters. After coming to this understanding, Michael J. Fox felt motivated and filled with passion once again. 1999. The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research was built. Still, present today, this foundation is dedicated to finding a cure for Parkinson’s Disease, as well as ensuring the development and improvement of therapy for those currently battling Parkinson’s. In the year 2000, Michael J. Fox announced his retreat from the public eye. He decided that he wanted to spend the rest of his life concentrating on earning money for Parkinson’s Research. This man, who is now 57 years old, changed his views to make the best, most effective outcome from his unfortunates. The practical, benefit-oriented mindset that Michael J. Fox has shown, is a mindset worth making a legacy out of.

Michael J. Fox’s story is one that many people observe with pity, calling it unlucky. Others saw a life of stardom, collapsing into one of sickness and illness. But Michael J. Fox refused to fall into the depths of sorrow. He searched for another view, adapting his perspective degree by degree until he found his truth: he was a lucky man. Michael J. Fox’s story reflects a skill Canadians have always had. An ability to look forward and make the best of any situation. Michael J. Fox took his illness as an opportunity to share his story, spread positive outlooks, and become an inspiration to all of Canada.

Last In-Depth Blog Post… the end is near.

It’s hard to believe that In-Depth Night 2019 is only weeks away. With that thought, I also know that the end of my TALONS journey is nearing. In-Depth is such an important component of TALONS, and I am excited to share my learning with everyone who attends the memorable night. During the past four weeks, I have been revising my poses and making sure they are performed as correctly as possible. Every week or so, I try to learn one new yoga pose. I have found that Vinyasa yoga is the most difficult for me, which is not a surprise considering its fast pace throughout the movements. It also requires a bit more flexibility and strength compared to the other types of yoga. Nonetheless, I still try to challenge myself with the poses.

In addition to this, I have also been consistently attending drop-in classes at Yoga Generation, as well as meeting with my mentor. We have conversations about the progress of my project and if I have any last questions to ask before In-Depth night. Unfortunately, my mentor is unable to come to the event itself because she has a child to take care of. However, I told her that I’d be available to meet up one more time after In-Depth night to tell her how it went.

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I accidentally described how I would present my project in my previous In-Depth post, so I won’t go much in detail about it on this post. As a brief overview, I plan to share my knowledge I learned in a performance-style presentation this year. I hope to present a few yoga poses and explain the technicalities involved, as well as talk about yoga playing a role in stress and anxiety relief. If possible, my yoga photos from home will be projecting on the screen to show my progress over the past five months.

How To Have A Beautiful Mind

In Edward De Bono’s How to Have A Beautiful Mind, alternatives and concepts are both explored, and I can relate these two subjects to my In-Depth.


Based off my readings, I know that concepts act “like road junctions that open up several other roads” (p.121). In relation to yoga, concepts (vague types of yoga) branch into various different components that make up parts of yoga as a whole. For instance, “yoga” – the term itself – is a very large concept that branches off into many other sub-concepts, such as Yin yoga, Vinyasa yoga, etc. Then, these types of yoga branch off into more specific variations of itself, including poses and combinations. For example, during one of the meetings I had with my mentor, I asked about the stages of yoga. More specifically, I wanted to know about the different components that make up the large umbrella term: yoga. She then discussed how little variations within body parts like the “head, hip, foot, or upper body positioning can dictate the purpose of the pose” (Mentor). The variations of poses then lead to variations of difficulty. Each of these levels amalgamates to make up yoga as a whole.


In yoga, everything is about alternatives for movement. Throughout the weeks that I have gone to Yoga Generation, I realized for every difficult pose that is introduced, there is an alternative (easier variation) for those who are beginners or people who wish to try someone lighter on the muscles. De Bono states that “without alternatives we have rigidity and complacency” (pg. 136). I agree with this statement because it’s a very understandable and seemingly accurate point. In yoga, everybody is welcome in the community and encouraged to practice. If alternatives to make poses easier or harder are inaccessible or non-existent, we become prone to rigidity and complacency, or the feeling that only a certain group of people are fit for yoga.

As the end is near, I would like to thank everyone who helped me along my journey. I wish all the best to the TALONS learners on their presentations. Good-bye In-Depth! These posts are merely considered good memories from now on…

Autobiography Check-In

Lucky Man: A Memoir

Michael J. Fox


“No matter how great the acceptance, adulation, and accumulation of wealth, gnawing at you is always the deep-seated belief that you’re a fake, a phony. Even if you can bullshit your way through whatever job you’re working on now, you’d better prepare for the likelihood that you’re never going to get another one (pg. 16).”

I find this passage interesting because it seems very relevant to modern day humans. Many people, if not all, find themselves “bullsh*ting” through work or school at some point in their lives. It’s difficult to be genuine with everything we do all the time. Because of this, we may feel like a fake sometimes. I understand what this passage is saying, although it’s a little confusing to me why despite the listed factors, we still feel like a fake. Sure, some people may be able to relate to the statement, but I believe that most people work their way to earn acceptance, adulation, accumulation of wealth, etc. In this case, I don’t think that everybody has a deep-seated belief that they are a fake, as long as we are clear that we worked our way to earn such privileges.

The second half of my chosen passage describes the difficulty of going in a new direction/getting a new job once you have already committed to one. This autobiography was published in 2002, and we can see that the values of that time are not too different from our current values. It’s true that most people don’t or can’t change their job pathway, but I feel that our society nowadays is open to more career options. Rather than having very typical “womanly” and “manly” jobs, there are many more opportunities to earn money doing things that weren’t as popular in the early 2000s. For example, careers that are related to YouTube videos, vlogging, getting famous by reaching audiences online, etc. can all be money-making careers if done well.


“My mom, Phyllis, and dad, Sgt. William Fox, Royal Canadian Army Signal Corps, had become experts at relocation. Between their wedding day in 1950 and that afternoon Mom spent uncrating the effects of thirteen years of family life, Dad had been stationed at six different army bases (pg. 32).”

Personally, I find this passage intriguing because the gender roles are very distinct. When comparing the values and norms of that time and now, I can see how much society has changed. In my family, both my mom and dad work for the same amount of time and for similar pay. In fact, they currently are working at the same company. Whereas for Michael, we can see that his mother and father did stereotypical but historically understandable, “women jobs” and “men jobs” respectively. I also found this quotation interesting because of its description of Sgt. William Fox being in the Royal Canadian Army Signal Corps. Due to William Fox’s enlistment in the army, Fox’s family had to relocate many times around Canada.

Not surprisingly, Michael’s mom focused on family life and taking care of her five children while his dad was stationed at army bases. Stereotypical gender roles often catch my attention because they are easy to spot and are less relevant in the current day, although they are still somewhat imposed. However, since this took place around the 1960s, I acknowledge the fact that the norms were different than the way they are now. Men commonly joined the army and women usually stayed home to take care of family and raise kids. I can connect this to previous learning about gender roles in society (when analyzing Star Wars). Using the gender lens and historical lens, I can see how normal it was for most families to run in this similar manner.


“Born into the uncertainty of the Great Depression and having come of age during World War II, Mom and Dad had carefully constructed a life together that avoided surprises. Dad’s decision to embark on a career in the military must have been a calculated tradeoff – individuality for security – with no possibility for a windfall, but no nasty surprises either (pg. 36).”

When I read the line “individuality for security”, I was instantly reminded of what we have been discussing in class recently. This “tradeoff” idea is exactly like the Left-wing and Right-wing political perspectives. When Michael J. Fox talked about how his dad’s decision to take on a career in the military was like a calculated tradeoff, it relates to the idea of giving up our individual freedom for the greater good of our population. Furthermore, this idea takes me back to when we learned about Hobbes and Locke. Locke’s idea of limited government control versus Hobbes’ idea of a monarchy for security is represented here, as we can see that the Fox family traded their individual freedom for security (with the army).

From what I have read so far, I can infer that people during the late 1900s were leaning more towards Hobbes’ perspective, in which they give up most of their individual freedom for security from the military and government. Relating this back to the original topic of what it means to be a Canadian, I can say that Michael J. Fox’s family believes that being a Canadian means giving up a bit of personal independence for security of a wider population of people. Nowadays, both sides of the spectrum are acknowledged, and everyone’s views vary. However, it seems that in comparison to the 1950s-1970s, we are now keener to strive for a society of independence and individual freedom.


“After Dad’s retirement and our return to B.C., we settled into a three-bedroom flat in the Vancouver suburb of Burnaby. Situated across the street from a sprawling strip mall with an enormous parking lot perfect for endless hours of street hockey, the apartment complex also boasted a[n] […] outdoor swimming pool (pg. 48).”

Firstly, this passage caught my attention right away because it mentioned Burnaby, which is also where I lived for a period of time. It feels like I can connect to Michael J. Fox in a way, knowing that both he and I have lived in the same city during our lives. Other than that, I also noticed how the quote briefly mentions street hockey, which immediately has the connotation of typical “Canadian sports”. Personally, I just chose this passage for my blog post because it resonates with me, most likely because it makes me feel a lot closer to Michael J. Fox. Since he and his family spent quite some time in the United States for his career, I wasn’t able to get much information on his whereabouts within Canada, so this passage was a little insight on his life in Vancouver, B.C.

This passage itself doesn’t mention much about Canadian values at the time, or what it means to be a Canadian. However, based on my knowledge of current real estate and housing prices, I can infer that the value of money has changed quite a bit. Back when Michael J. Fox and his family purchased this three-bedroom flat, the cost would definitely differ from what it would cost now. It’s possible that either the value of money was higher than it is now, and housing was affordable, or that the Fox family was wealthy enough to make this investment. Knowing that the complex also included an outdoor pool, it seems like it would not be very cheap in the current day.


“Following his surprise pronouncement that I had P.D., that very first diagnosing neuro offered what I assume he considered an upbeat prognosis. “With proper treatment,” he promised, “I see no reason why you can’t have another ten good years of work ahead of you.” […] Ten years? I had just turned thirty (pg. 151).”

Firstly, I found this quotation intriguing because it gives us an insight into Fox’s battle with Parkinson’s Disease. I did not know much about Parkinson’s Disease prior to reading this autobiography, so understanding the process of the treatment is also one of my goals when reading. Another interesting topic that popped up in my head was the connection to our “Trends and Identity” unit that we discussed during class. When reading the handout, I found that the average human is employed until 60-64 years of age. When Fox was told that he would most likely be working until he was 40, he seemed quite distraught. This is one of the small factors that lead him up to starting the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research (which I have not read up to yet).

Based on the readings, being a Canadian means having the desire to work as much as we can, when we can. Rather than slacking off, we would prefer spending our time doing something useful and practical for either ourselves or our community. For instance, Michael J. Fox used his own experience to learn and educate others about Parkinson’s Disease. Not only did he start this Foundation to gain more knowledge about his own condition, but to also provide this information to others who might have it as well. To Fox, being a Canadian means wanting to work through difficulties to improve our own, as well as other people’s lives.


Try to make something beneficial out of what seems disadvantageous. I purposefully made this theme broad because it can be used in many different scenarios. Whether it be little news or big news, I think it’s always a good idea to make the best out of what we are given. Of course, sometimes it gets really difficult to see the bright side of an unfortunate situation. However, if something in irreversible or inevitable, we might as well take something good out of it that can benefit ourselves and others.

In-Depth Post #5

Progress Report:

Wow…I can’t believe that this is my second to last in-depth blog post. So far, the experience has been one to remember, and I definitely plan on keeping yoga in my life. During spring break, I practiced some yoga on my own and attended a class. It was a little difficult to meet up with my mentor since she was away during the break, but I plan on seeing her again this week. Also, throughout the last four weeks, I continued my research on how yoga relaxes the mind. I wanted to focus on how it physically reduces stress and anxiety, but I also found some information on how it “spiritually” relaxes oneself. Since I presented my in-depth project with a learning center last year, I hope to share this information I learned on In-depth Night in a performance-style presentation this year. My plan is to present my yoga skills (doing yoga poses, showing a proper breathing tempo, techniques, etc.) while explaining what I have learned about reducing stress and anxiety with yoga. If I have enough time, I would prefer to talk about my learnings first, then present the yoga poses. However, I am flexible with time restrictions.

Here are some photos that I took during the first month of in-depth compared to now. Yoga helps to increase flexibility and improves posture. There is little visible progress, as you can see, but I personally feel much more comfortable doing these poses now compared to before. I won’t be explaining each pose in detail since I plan on presenting these on In-depth Night.

  1. Adho mukha svanasana (downward dog pose)


  1. Warrior 1


  1. Warrior 2


  1. Trikonasana (triangle pose)


How To Have A Beautiful Mind

Since my mentor had plans during spring break, I was unable to physically meet up with her. However, we communicated sometimes via email. I will be using one of our email “conversations” as an example for the Six Thinking Hats.

(white, red, black, yellow, green, blue)

Mentor: How is your progress? Have you been practicing at home?


Me: Yes, I have been practicing! The poses feel a lot easier now, compared to before. I was just wondering, are these poses supposed to reach a point where they aren’t difficult to achieve? Or are they supposed to remain challenging for the body, despite the many practices?

Mentor: Good question, Kailey. Because yoga is similar to stretching exercises, poses do eventually become easier when you become more flexible. If you prefer to keep up the challenge for your body, I suggest trying to increase the time each pose is held or explore different variations of the movement.


Me: I understand that many yogi (or jogi) practice yoga at Yoga Generation many times a week. As a student who isn’t able to afford that much time, what do you recommend? Is investing once per week to yoga going to be effective?

Mentor: Yoga will definitely be effective, even if you come in once per week, as long as it’s consistent. Keeping yoga in your routine can help maintain your flexibility, core, and strength.


Mentor: Great questions today! I hope I was able to help. Keep up with the practices and ask more questions if you have any.

Thank you for reading my in-depth blog post! Stay tuned for more yoga photos. ?

Is Canada a post-national state?

“Is Canada a nation, simply a country, or a ‘post-national’ state?”

I believe that Canada’s diverse and multicultural population forms a country with multiple regional nations. We may be heading in the direction of a post-national state, however, “Canada has borders, where guards check passports, and an army” (Foran, 2017), so we have not yet reached the time when our physical borders are insignificant. Now, the debate over Canada being either a nation or simply a country is quite subjective, in my opinion. We live in a country where there is so much diversity that it is hard to argue for a specific “Canadian identity”. Since Canada is home to immigrants and refugees, a common value we share is to respect others with “multiple identities and multiple loyalties” (McLuhan). With this common value, many seem to think that Canada is a nation in which our differences are what makes us the same. “75 percent of residents believe there is a “unique Canadian culture” (Todd, 2016), and although this “unique Canadian culture” exists, it’s what defined us a country, not a nation. A nation is a group of people who are united by culture, language, or shared values and beliefs. Canada, being a welcoming country to multiple cultures, has no issue with people who don’t share the exact values as everyone else, as long as their individuality doesn’t go against the Canadian law or government. Our wide range of ethnicities, religions, and people with contrasting political views make it so that regardless of our few similar values, we are not united as a single nation. Trudeau, along with many Canadians, recognizes the culture of indigenous peoples, immigrants, refugees, and other minorities. Even so, we are not a “place where respect for minorities trumps any one group’s way of doing things” (Todd, 2016). We do appreciate and hold value to the multiculturalism in Canada, but these minorities are still considered unequal to the rest of Canada. In that sense, the smaller nations within Canada are what makes up parts of our country, but our country is not yet a post-national state or a unified nation.