The Second Battle of Ypres

Grit. An apparent theme with the Canadian forces in the Second Battle of Ypres. The year is 1915, mid-April. The Brittish, Indians, Algerians, Moroccans, Belgians and Canadians making up the Allied forces defending the French town of Ypres are outnumbered against the attacking German Empire. The thousands of Allied forces create a front line of defence, kilometres long and successfully hold the Germans at bay. Then, the German troops try something experimental, they release 160 tonnes of Chlorine Gas onto the Allied French forces (Algerians), causing serious damage. Many of the French died from this unknown gas, the rest fled to safety, leaving a 6-kilometre gap in the Allied defensive line protecting Ypres. This is where the Canadians step in. The Germans did not think the gas would be this effective, so they did not prepare a large enough force to use the gap in the defence to their advantage, meaning the Allies still had hope. The Canadians, with help from other Allies, fight hard to close the gap in the defensive line, and they succeed. The Canadians launch several counter-attacks against the Germans, including Kitchener’s wood, where the Canadians used hand-to-hand combat to keep the Germans at bay. Then, the Germans launch the second gas attack of the first world war, this time, directly onto the Canadian section of the line. Some Canadians dropped to the ground in hopes of pushing their face into the bottom of the trench, but Chlorine gas is heavier than air and led those Canadians to a painful death. The rest of the Canadians soaked pieces of cloth and handkerchiefs in urine, then wore goggles and tied these makeshift gas masks to their mouths/noses. The urine neutralizes the chlorine. The Canadians are in poorly built trenches, surrounded by a mysterious gas that melts soft tissue, causing the victim’s throat, stomach, lungs and eyes to liquefy, with the only defence against this gas being urine, but they still hold their ground and fight off the prepared German forces. If this doesn’t sound bad enough, the Canadians are armed with the Ross rifle. The African Boer war back in 1899, causes a minor conflict between Canada and Britain, and when Canada asks Britain to supply the Canadian soldiers with Lee-Enfields(an accurate, reliable Brittish rifle) Britain refuses due to the low supply, Britain even refuses to let Canada create their own Lee-Enfields. So Sir Charles Ross proposed the Ross rifle to the Canadian government. Back in Ypres, Canadians continue to use the Ross rifle, although there is a major problem with this. The Ross rifle is unreliable and unsuited for the muddy conditions of Ypres. The gun constantly jams, can only use very high-quality ammunition and when fired, the bayonet will often fall off of the rifle. Also, because of the rifle’s straight bolt rechambering mechanism (for an increased rate of fire), the bolt will sometimes not lock properly after recharging, meaning when the gun is fired, the bolt will be blown back into the shooter’s face, causing major or even lethal damage. The Ross rifle has a slim chance of killing the person who fires it. This didn’t stop the Canadians though, they would often search for a Lee-Enfield on a deceased Brittish soldier and use that to combat the Germans. The need for Canadians to fight for the town of Ypres caused them to have a tremendous amount of Grit.

 

John McCrae suffers from the gas attacks at Ypres, and while at an Advanced Dressing Station outside Ypres, McCrae writes the poem In Flanders Fields. This poem is said by historian Paul Fussell to be the most popular poem of its time. Many Canadians read it, not because it’s a good poem, which it is, but because it makes the Canadians proud to be Canadian. The poem tells a story about what is happening at Ypres and the Canadians back home are able to feel the reality of the war. This poem, and how Canadians view the poem, shows us that Canadians are proud of how their friends and relatives are fighting in World War 1.

 

The Second Battle of Ypres changes the early 20th-century Canadian values in multiple ways.  This event changes our social values to make us more proud of the Canadian fighters in World War 1. We recognize their grit and determination to serve Canada and realize that Canadians are a force to be reckoned with. Also, Canadian economic values change due to the Ross rifle. From the outcome of using the Ross rifle in this battle, Canadians change slightly to value quality over price, even though the Ross rifle is used after the Second Battle of Ypres, the Rifle discontinues in 1916. Although, this does affect Canada’s economic autonomy since the Canadians switch to the robust Brittish-made Lee-Enfield. The Ross rifle is a great, accurate hunting rifle, but isn’t robust enough to use the lower-quality Brittish ammunition in the conditions of WW1 trench warfare. The Canadians have to switch to the Lee-Enfield since they don’t have enough time to research and produce an entirely different rifle in 1916.

 

Back home, Canadian social autonomy changes because of this fight. The bravery of the Canadian soldiers at Ypres teach Canada to be proud of being Canadian. Back in the early 1900s, Canada is often proud of being a part of Britain because of Britain’s war(the Boer war and WW1) efforts, but this fight allows Canada to be proud of Canada’s efforts, along with Britain. The Brittish fight hard at Ypres, but so do thousands of Canadians, and this is what allows the Canadians all around the world to be proud of being Canadian, not just proud of being part of Britain. This fight makes Canada more socially autonomous by making Canadians proud of themselves.

Works Cited

“Canada and the Second Battle of Ypres.” The Canadian Encyclopedia, www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/battle-of-ypres.

“Ross Rifle.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 22 May 2019, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ross_rifle.

“Second Battle of Ypres.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 7 June 2019, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_Ypres.

Veterans Affairs Canada. “Ypres 1915.” Canada and the First World War – History – Veterans Affairs Canada, 14 Feb. 2019, www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/history/first-world-war/canada/Canada4.

 

Image result for lee enfield vs ross rifle

Ross Rifle 1905 (https://revivaler.com/ross-rifle/)

Desmos

Stick people

For my Desmos project, I decided to create a stick-person landscape. I used a variety of equations to bring diversity and unique features to my picture. I used:

Linear Equations, example: Line 32

Quadratic Equation, example: Line 37(used to make the water have a curved bottom)

Square Root function, example: Line 101 (to make the smile look a little more realistic)

Circle, example: Line 127(to make the skateboard’s wheel)

Trig Functions, example: Line 36(to make the water be wavy)

John A. Macdonald: A Legacy to Remember

John A. Macdonald:  A Legacy to Remember

Everyone has a dark side, but for a historical politician, this dark side may be the only way they are remembered. However, most historical people deserve a better legacy than what their dark side has left behind. A great example of a challenged politician is John A. Macdonald. Because of his “measures meant to destroy native cultures and traditions” within Canada, many Canadians believe his name and public figure should be removed from modern Canada’s public sphere(Olivier, 2017). The problem with this statement is that it doesn’t properly evaluate John A. Macdonald’s work for Canada, it only evaluates his dark side. John A. Macdonald has a challenging dark side, but he should still be respected because the views related to the racism of his time were vastly different than now, and because of his contributions creating the RCMP, along with his contributions to form Canada, trumps what he did to harm Canada’s history.

 

The reason this controversy is happening now, rather than in Macdonald’s time, is because Canadian values have changed drastically. Canadians value equality more than we ever have in history. Unfortunately, in Macdonald’s time, Canada didn’t value equality as much as it needed to, and this is what caused the terrible history between Canada and it’s indigenous people, this wasn’t completely John A. Macdonald’s fault. Today, we can easily “assume that almost anybody else in the prime minister’s chair at the time [of John A Macdonald,] would have similarly pursued an assimilationist policy against Canada’s First Nations,”(Hopper, 2018). Even the “ Liberal opposition benches accuse Macdonald of not starving Indians enough,”(Hopper, 2018). This is why we can’t rightfully shame John A. Macdonald for what he did to the First Nations. Of course, there was nothing stopping John A. Macdonald for fighting for the rights of the indigenous people, there was only a lot of people and other politicians wanting him to mistreat the indigenous people. If Macdonald wasn’t cruel to the indigenous people, he may have been voted out of parliament for not sharing the same views as his followers. Canada could be different today if Macdonald wasn’t Prime Minister, possibly for the worse. Although, the first nations people could be in a better state than they are now if Macdonald wasn’t the prime minister at the time, or if he had fought for their rights, but Canada’s relationship with the first nations could have been much worse if John wasn’t Prime Minister.

 

In addition, Macdonald has contributed a lot to build this country. Along with creating the CPR railroad and uniting multiple colonies to form Canada, “Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald created the police force that became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police,”(Bonikowsky, 2015). Macdonald founded the North West Mounted Rifles. He created the NWMR to bring order and safety to the wild Northwest Territories in the mid-late 1800s, and the NWMR eventually became the North West Mounted Police, then the Royal North West Mounted Police and finally the RCMP that we know today. The RCMP plays a vital role in modern day Canada, without them, there would be no one to properly enforce the laws. The RCMP even  “sent two cavalry squadrons” to help fight in World War 1 in 1918, (Bonikowsky, 2015). Macdonald is responsible for creating our police force, along with other vital parts of Canada like the CPR, and this is why we are wrongfully disrespecting him by taking down his statues and calling him ‘a traitor’. Macdonald made some terrible mistakes, but he made more good decisions and contributed more good to Canada than he took away.

 

In Macdonald’s time, racism was at a height, and being a prime minister in this time of racism wasn’t easy, but using the RCMP as an example, Canadians can know Macdonald always had Canada and it’s identity as a priority. Because of the views on racism in his time, John A Macdonald has done some terrible things to Canada, but more importantly, he has done more great things for Canada, like found the RCMP, and for this, he deserves our respect and to stay in the public sphere. Even though Canadian values have changed since our beginning, there is one value we can’t forget. We need to always remember and value our past, we need to celebrate the good of our past, and never forget the mistakes that were made while founding our country. Something that all Canadians cherish is modern day Canada, and Canada, as we love it today, would not be possible without our founding parents, we cannot deny them their proper legacy.

 

Works Cited

“Comment: John A. Macdonald Statue’s Removal Is Overdue.” Times Colonist, 13 Oct. 2017, www.timescolonist.com/opinion/op-ed/comment-john-a-macdonald-statue-s-removal-is-overdue-1.23064384.

“The Formation of the RCMP.” The Formation of the RCMP | The Canadian Encyclopedia, www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/the-formation-of-the-rcmp-feature.

Hopper, Tristin. “Here Is What Sir John A. Macdonald Did to Indigenous People.” National Post, 28 Aug. 2018, nationalpost.com/news/canada/here-is-what-sir-john-a-macdonald-did-to-indigenous-people.

Olivier, Annabelle. “Activists Deface Statue of Sir John A. Macdonald in Downtown Montreal.” Global News, 12 Nov. 2017, globalnews.ca/news/3857052/activists-deface-statue-of-sir-john-a-macdonald-in-downtown-montreal/.

In Depth Last Blog Post

Chapter 9: Concepts

My mentor and I are constantly explaining concepts to each other. We mostly discussed these concepts and the beginning of the project, by discussing several of my different robot ideas. Now, we still discuss concepts. For a broad example, a few sessions ago, we implemented a closed loop feedback system I designed (just a fancy way of knowing where the arm actually is, I can explain much better in detail). The concept is getting feedback on the arm, but the potentiometers* and my 3d models to mount the potentiometers to the arm is the practical ideal on how we would get the concept to work. For a more specific example, take a rotary encoder. We also need feedback for the robot’s base, only problem is that the base moves continuously, meaning a potentiometer wont work for the base feedback system. A rotary encoder is similar to a potentiometer, but can move continuously. The concept is the rotary encoder giving feedback, and the practical idea is how the rotary encoder actually works, and how the code will use the encoder for feedback with the arm.

*A potentiometer is a variable resistor, that will spit out different resistances as a value depending on its position, but the potentiometer cannot spin continuously Again, I can explain much better in person.

Chapter 10: Alternatives

My mentor has offered me many alternatives that my last year’s mentor could not. Instead of being close by like my last year’s mentor, he grants me access to a wide range of CNC machinery and various parts for my project. I am very happy with the alternatives that he grants me. For a more specific example, I will use the rotary encoder again. The rotary encoder is an alternative to the potentiometers. The encoder offers continuous rotation, but, the encoder can only spit out 2 separate outputs each with values of 0, or 1, Instead of the potentiometer values of 0 – 1023. This means that more work would have to go into the programming of the robot, and, the robot would need some way of reverting back to its “home position” every time the code initiates. I have an idea of solving this problem, which will be apparent in my learning center.

My learning center will be basically just the robot(I’ve named it Milton). Alongside Milton, I want to have a slideshow or video showing my journey creating the robot. I want to focus on the very basics of how Milton works, and go into detail if I am asked. I want to focus on how much time I spent on this project, how much work I put into this project. For the interactive part, I want Milton to be able to interact with the audience, or have the audience be able to operate the robot themselves.

For the slideshow/video I want to have a montage of pictures, videos and timelapses like this:

https://youtu.be/htW6pvE3svo

Novel Study Check in

“<We’d better start organizing ourselves>”(12)

 

This is Louis Riel telling his friends to prepare themselves to defend their land against the English. I thought this quote is a great way to start off a biography, especially how this quote properly represents what Louis believes in. He was always ready to stand for his land and the ones who were not properly represented in parliament.

 

At the time, Louis and the Red River Settlement were in a very defensive state, fighting for what they believed in, trying to get the Canadian government to respect their values. This says a lot about Canadian identity, even though the Red River Rebels were fighting the Canadian government, they were fighting for the land that would eventually become Canada. So this rebelion is an example that Canadians fight for what they believe in, and are not scared to make sacrifices, as did Louis when he commited treason to fight for his people.

 

“Okay, Colonel Dennis, I want you to post this royal proclamation in the settlement and raise an armed force against the half-breeds.”(45)

 

I found this quote interesting because it shows that Louis Riel wasn’t the only traitor in the mix of early Canada. This ‘royal proclamation’ was supposedly a forged document created to shut down Riel’s following. With this quote, Riel is seeming more and more like a hero, rather than the traitor he was killed for.

 

Even though this forged document may just be real in this bibliography, it definitely makes sense. This incident in the book makes Riel seem like the heroic, ‘good guy’ compared to the Canadian government, and how the book phrases “armed force against the half-breeds” makes the government at the time seem racist and like the antagonist of the book. This means that this book was published in favour of Riel, and at a time where the idea that Riel was a hero was the dominant view.

 

“I propose t’at we set up a convention of 40– t’e french will elect 20 representatives, and so will t’e english. Together we’ll decide what rights we’re entitled to and what’s more, gentlemen, we’ll get t’ose rights!”(75)

 

I find this quote interesting because it shows that Louis was able to round up the french and the english. I always thought that Louis only cared about the french, but this quote shows that he values equality, other than the dash of sexism by calling a crowd ‘gentlemen’.

 

Like I said, this quote shows equality, meaning the author of this book valued showing Riels equality, making him seem more like a hero in history. Riel decided to have equal representation from the french and the english, even though the english were the minority. At the same time, the author of this book values historical accuracy by showing that Riel was sexist at times, like most of the people back then. This quote is an example of Canada’s equality. This means that certain Canadians have always cared about equality to an extent, and equality has always been part of some Canadians.

 

“<Very well. We’ll court-martial him tomorrow on a charge of… … of treason>”(154)

 

This quote is interesting to me because it shows what Riel is capable of. He decided to execute a prisoner because the prisoner was yelling in the cell. Riel’s followers wanted the prisoner dead, and Riel refused to kill the prisoner. Although, Riel eventually killed the prisoner to keep his followers loyal. This surprised me, this showed me that Riel wasn’t all hero, he killed a debatably innocent person. Now, I understand why other people, specifically english people, think Riel is a traitor. I remember my parents and other influencing adults telling me that Riel was a traitor to Canada, and I believed them, so now I know why they think/thought that.

 

How the author phrased this quote makes Riel seem like he’s acting against his will. From prior school assignments, I know that it is almost impossible to be completely historically accurate, so the author had some bias in this quote. This means that when this book was written, the author valued showing Riel as a hero over historical accuracy. Showing Riel as a hero means more Canadians now will think of Riel as a hero. This also means that some modern Canadians are okay with remembering the important Canadians in history as heros, even when some of the important Canadians have done villainous things. Another good example of this is John A. Macdonald, although some view Mr. Macdonald as a villain more than a hero.

 

“So first you should negotiate with the settlers and get them to voluntarily join Canada. Then, if it’s still necessary to put the half-breeds in their place, we go in with troops.”(196)

 

This quote is interesting because it shows more of the Canadian government and how they make decisions, something this book does really well. I like how the book shows the Canadian government trying to be peaceful, but the book also shows that Canada is not afraid of getting what they want through violent means. This is how most elementary and middle school dilemmas are solved on the playground. I’ve seen many times where someone will try and get what they want, maybe a change in the rules of the game of ‘tag’, and get increasingly aggressive until they get what they want, or until a teacher comes to the commotion.

 

Similar to the last quote, the author of this book continues to make the Canadian government look like the antagonist of history. The author of this book shows the Canadian government being peaceful, but this ‘peace’ is false. The Canadian government was getting Louis and his settlers to join Canada whether the settlers wanted to or not. Now, Canada has become more diplomatic and peaceful. We are more okay with making compromises than we were back then.

 

Theme: Sometimes, history may be remembered differently by certain individuals based on how these individuals wanted the past to happen. Opinions about history easily turn into facts.

 

Indepth Blog Post #5

 

In Depth 2019 has been going well so far, but there is lots left to do if I want to have anything for In-Depth night. For the past week and a bit my mentor has been extremely busy with UBC exams and wrapping up the semester, but I still was able to see him, twice. The first time I went to learn was all day on a Saturday, then the following Friday for our second meet. Friday was a little crazy since he was busy with multiple other projects while still trying to teach me. So far, I have built the general skeleton of the arm, and I have mounted 2 stepper motors. Take a look of the arm in action:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2AdCaXbebE&feature=youtu.be

In the video, I am using something called a potentiometer which outputs an analog signal that has values from 0 – 1023. My code will tell the stepper motor (in reality the code gives instructions to the stepper motor driver that then operates the motor by quickly switching the polarity of the copper coils within the motor) to either go a certain direction if the potentiometer reads below 300, or if the other direction if the potentiometer reads above 700, if the potentiometer reads within 300-700, then the code will not send any instructions to the driver, meaning the motor will not turn. There is also a complicated mechanical part to the arm as well, but I will explain this in detail in future evaluations.

 

For the majority of our conversations, the white and black hat is used, since we are usually talking about very technical problems and solutions that require precise facts to be discussed and evaluated.

When I asked this question, I wore the blue hat, as I was setting up a conversation.

(Blue hat) Me: So why can’t we plug the stepper motor directly into the microcontroller, instead of using the driver?

(White hat) Mentor: That’s a great question, but because the stepper motor is simply just a few electromagnets and a shaft, it lacks the sophistication of say, a servo motor.

(Yellow / black hat) Me: Meaning we would have to manually change the polarity to initiate the steps (make the motor turn)?

(White hat) Mentor: Yes, which will be challenging, and hard to control. The driver basically takes the instructions we send it, via the microcontroller, and using an H bridge, will take the simpler instructions and use them to turn the stepper motor.

(he went on to explain more details using the white hat)

(Green hat) Me: Ahh, ok, I see that it makes much more sense to use a driver, but would it make any sense to try and create our own stepper motor driver?

(Red hat) Mentor: Probably not, a successful driver needs a lot of work to build and could take up a lot of valuable time.

(Black hat) Me: So why spend all that time when you can grab one on Amazon for a few bucks.

Mentor: Exactly.

 

 

Here is my code, see if you can find the statements which read the potentiometer values:

const int stepPin = 9;
const int dirPin = 8;
int customDelay,customDelayMapped; // Define variables
bool r = false;
int tim;
int s = 300;
void setup() {
  pinMode(stepPin,OUTPUT);
  pinMode(dirPin,OUTPUT);
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
int direktion (){
if (analogRead(A0)< 300){ //here is a line that reads the potentiometer
 Serial.println(analogRead(A0));
 digitalWrite(dirPin,LOW); //Enables the motor to move in a particular direction
  digitalWrite(stepPin, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(s);
  digitalWrite(stepPin, LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(s);
  }
 if (analogRead(A0) > 700){ // here is the second line that reads the potentiometer
    Serial.println(analogRead(A0));
  r = true;
 digitalWrite(dirPin,HIGH); //Enables the motor to move in a particular direction
  digitalWrite(stepPin, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(s);
  digitalWrite(stepPin, LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(s);
  }
  else{
    r = false;
    }
    if (r == true){
  }
}
void loop() {
 speedUp();
direktion ();
}
int speedUp() {
 int tim = analogRead(A0);
 int newCustom = map(tim, 0, 1023, 0, 1023);
  return newCustom;
}

Canada is not postnational

“We took in an estimated 300,000 newcomers in 2016, including 48,000 refugees, and we want them to become citizens” (Charles Foran, 2017). This statement supports that Canada is a country, full of diverse, ethnic nations that make up and share our core identity So no, Canada is not a postnational state, rather a country, with many nations within the country, because if we have no core identity, then Canada is not Canada.

 

Over centuries, many people have worked and fought for Canada. Canada started as a group of nations, slowly coming together for independence. So what do all of us Canadians share? What is our ‘core identity’? Independence and multiculturalism is our core identity. When the different parts of Canada came together, we changed from colonies of the British, to our own country. Multiple nations all forming under one name. Without a core identity, if we are merely a postnational state, then we are just colonies under the British rule, housing for separate cultures. “McDonald believes being Canadian is like being a member of a community, or a big family,” meaning that all Canadians are not on their own and that to be in the same family, we share a core identity (Douglas Todd, 2016). When I hear that “There is no core identity, no mainstream in Canada,” I think of a country where cultures come to live, on their own(Justin Trudeau, 2015). Canada is not a place for introvert cultures, it is a place for many different cultures and nations to live, and interact with one another, sharing their values and identities to prolong Canada’s multicultural identity.

 

Canada is a place for all cultures, to live and contribute to making Canada a better place, to contribute to Canada’s core identity, being our multiculturalism. So no, Canada is far from being a postnational state, it is a country that is home to various nationxs who contribute to Canada’s core identity, that is why “75 per cent of residents believe there is a “unique Canadian culture.” (Douglas Todd, 2016)

In Depth blog post #4

Yesterday, I had my first mentor meeting. For almost 8 hours I was helping out my mentor as he showed me where he spends most of his time, the bottom levels of the Hennings building at UBC. For the past few weeks, I’ve been emailing, calling and video-calling my mentor discussing different designs of the robot that I want to build.I also did some CAD (computer-assisted design) with a program my mentor recommended, OnShape, to create a 3d model of the robot. Yesterday I made my way to UBC and met with my mentor. He came to the front door wearing safety glasses and ear protection, already a great first impression! He brought me down into his “workspace”, consisting of a metal shop, with multiple CNC machines, a waterjet room, grinding/sanding room, electrical room and multiple multi-purpose rooms. When I arrived, he was still in the middle of a project. Since September my mentor has been working with a team of other UBC students to create a rocket. Yesterday, the team tested a testing system for a rocket. I won’t go into to much detail, but it was awesome and very interesting to watch. After the team finished with the rocket, Griffin and I worked on our project. We started by cutting out a piece I designed with OnShape with the waterjet. The waterjet is an interesting CNC machine that shoots water mixed with a sandy material at 3000 PSI. This is able to easily cut through thick aluminum sheets. Then, we created the first rough “draft” joint of my robot. To thank my mentor for the day, I treated him with pizza.

I asked for clarification when my mentor taught me about the waterjet.

Him: The proper way to finish the waterjet instructions is to add a tab to the path, as a way of securing the cutout to the rest of the aluminum.

Me: What’s the benefit of securing the piece to the aluminum slab?

Him: Well, without the tab the piece will fall through the slats of the water tank and we’d have to go fishing… even though that’s what I usually do.

Me: Ah ok, and I guess we would just grind down the tab afterwards?

Him: exactly, usually it’s quicker than fishing for the part.

 

Here is some evidence of my In-Depth:

OnShape document:

https://cad.onshape.com/documents/760811cc7195dc754aca0098/w/90e558cf012b9a1c0e07423f/e/82af3be3316a36202a8256ad

 

Waterjet cutting:

 

Joint:

img_e9034

ROMEO AND JULIET IN CLASS WRITE

Question 1:

I believe that Romeo and Juliet have a childish relationship. The two see each other at a party and all of a sudden, they are ”A pair of star-crossed lovers”(1.p.6). The best love relationships are born out of friendships, of which Romeo and Juliet lacked. There is nothing fueling their love but a crush. Like what Fryer Lawrence states “these violent delights have violent ends / And in their triumph die, like fire and powder”(2.6.9-10). Their love burns too bright, too soon, and their love will easily burn out because they don’t know any better. However, their love is not childish because of their age. In the time of Shakespear, it was socially acceptable for young people to marry, even a 13-year-old like Juliet and a 17-year-old like Romeo. I believe they have an immature relationship because of the time it takes them to decide to marry each other. The span of a few days is not enough time for two complete strangers to fall in love and marry each other. As stated earlier, the best love relationships are born out of friendships. I believe that Romeo and Juliet should get to know each other first so they can fall in love with each other, not just the looks or the idea of each other. Romeo doesn’t know much about Juliet, only that she is “beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear.”(1.5.45). This means that as they get married, and then get to know each other, Romeo might find out that he doesn’t actually love Juliet, or vice versa. When or if one of the lovers finds out that they don’t like the other, it will be very challenging to get a divorce, but if they realize they don’t love each other before they get married, then they would be able to break up with no harm done.

Question 2:

According to Today I Found Out, by the end of the 19th century, the average age when women were first getting married in the United States was between 22 and 24 years old, and this trend continued into the 1940s. This means that Jindra Kulich could potentially have misleading facts. Although, the source I found is to do with the United States, and not Europe. Although, as I stated before, the age of adulthood has drastically changed comparing the time of Shakespear and now. So, I have trouble understanding why the age of adulthood in Europe, in the 1940s, is relevant to the age in Shakspearean times. This fact doesn’t say that Romeo and Juliet aren’t childish, it just states that the age of adulthood in the 1940s was also the same as the time of Romeo and Juliet. Also, as I said before, the age of the two lovers is not what makes their love childish, it’s the amount of time it takes the two to fall in love.

 

Today I Found Out Source:

Smith, Melisa. “How Do They Decide the Age When You Become an Adult?” Today I Found Out, 10 Aug. 2016, www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2016/08/age-become-adult/.

In-Depth Blog Post 3

As of Thursday, In-Depth 2019 has been going great. I met quickly with Ms. Krueger to discuss a time commitment but I figured out that she is very busy and won’t be able to meet on a regular basis. We didn’t actually get around to discussing any robotics as she needed to be somewhere else. This was a downer as I really wanted an engaged mentor this year, although, on Thursday (Feb. 14), my luck changed. I got an email back from someone who I mentioned in my last post, saying that he is interested in my project and wants to help. We then scheduled a phone call and discussed how we are going to meet. My new mentor is a student at UBC on a Co-op program, so he is really busy, but he says he can meet at least every two weeks. I will probably go to him at UBC for our visits since he has access to robotics labs and CNC machinery. He may also be able to get me electronic parts for the robot that I would normally be buying myself. I then did some research over the weekend on what robot I want to create; I then emailed him about it. The robot I want to build will be an advanced robotic arm, with at least 3-DOF (degrees of freedom), and will use stepper motors instead of servos. I also want the robot to have an exchangeable tip, so I can design it to use a claw, and maybe have another tip to hold a pencil. I also want it to have sensors, I don’t know much about sensors, but I’m pondering having it be able to track a face, to act like it’s looking at you. I don’t have a finalized design yet but I will start working with OnShape (an online 3d modelling program) to create a design. I’m not sure how much I will be able to 3d print and how much I will create with CNC metal. I will have to design it first then figure that out. I am excited to work with CNC though. I will forward our thread of emails and I will get my mentor to complete a criminal record check soon. I’m really excited to continue working with my new mentor! Although, I will still try and meet with Ms. Krueger because I believe she can still teach me some interesting concepts.