Confederation Speech

My name is Charles Fox Bennett, premiere of Newfoundland. To conclude, no, we would not like confederation. we are going to be staying independent for a multitude of reasons.

As previously stated, we are currently perfectly fine being somewhat independent. Based on all of the factors involving our current state, we are not only economically stable, but have a strong responsible government, and if we were to confederate, newfoundland would lack in representation due to the concept of rep by pop. A lot of our power would be lost in the confederation of Canada, and for now it is not important for us to join together, however we will continue to support and assist confederation on the side.

Hypothetically, if we were to confederate, we would no longer continue to be a burden to the British and lessen the probability of economic failure. Our fishing and logging industry can be unpredictable, much like the British’s monetary support for us, but these “benefits” like the Railway have little to no impact on us. Going through with confederation would take away most of our independence and power we already have, along with our newfoundland identity, and with all these factors in play, we lean more to the side of no confederation.

Confederation: New Brunswick Defense Speech

Topics to address:

  • Fenian raids encouraged people to support Confederation
  • We have a lot of exposure to the U.S.
  • We want more security
  • Larger militia
  • American Civil War and Manifest Destiny is a threat
  • If we have to support other colonies, we would lose defense along borders


Your royal highness, ladies, and gentlemen, I, Charles Fisher will be representing New Brunswick in the topic of defense. As Mr. Wilmot has stated, New Brunswick is for Confederation because of the support it can bring to our economy, as well as the other colonies. Regarding New Brunswick’s defense and military, we would like to address some specific points.

Our first main point is concerning the Fenian Raids. The Fenian Raids greatly impacted the view of Confederation within New Brunswick. Since our colony is very open to bodies of water, it is extremely accessible. This created an easy target for the Fenians. And although the only damage the Fenian Raids have brought to New Brunswick were destructions of buildings, it fuelled New Brunswick’s sense of insecurity and increased support for Confederation.

The second point we would like to address is the American Civil War and Manifest Destiny affecting New Brunswick. We border the United States, and so both events have negatively influenced us. We fear that people from the U.S. will soon be invading our land. In addition to this, New Brunswick would need a larger military organization to protect our colony, which leads me to our next main point.

New Brunswick wants a larger militia for the security of all the colonies. However, if we have to support the other colonies, we would lose defense along our own borders. As we know, New Brunswick is a colony with tons of coastal area, which means we are in a vulnerable position when it comes to assailants. Furthermore, as I stated previously, we are bordering the United States, and having the threat of possible invasion builds up the need for a strong militia. In order for this to be achieved, we require the support from the rest of Canada.

In conclusion, New Brunswick encourages Confederation when regarding military and defense. We are in need of support from other colonies and the rest of Canada as a whole. Confederation can unite us, provide everyone with their needs, and help prevent further attacks and invasions. We expect to receive assistance from our allies if we do result in Confederation, as well as a stronger army. New Brunswick believes that if we all come together, Canada’s security and defense will greatly expand and form a powerful nation. Thank you.

Canadian Confederation Role Play

Final Address as John A. Macdonald

My fellow colonies, thank you for everyone’s input on the matter and we have been listening contently to what each and every one of you has said. On behalf of Canada West, our final thoughts on the matter are we think that joining the confederation of our British North American Colonies would be best for the nation. Based on what my fellow Canada West members have stated, confederating would be best for the nation because it would keep us safe from the Americans if they do decide to try and invade again, and frankly I myself am quite afraid of that happening. We could make a united military that could protect the boarder that separates us from the Americans. It would advance how we trade and the construction of the railway. By uniting our colonies, we could unite the railways, and by uniting the railways we could transport our good much faster.  

With this confederation we would also like to propose the idea of a double majority… uh yes right, a double majority government. Double majority would give the French the power they would not have if in representation by population. It will also ensure that everyone’s needs get accounted for. Also we would like to request the capital of Canada be in Canada West.

We have heard all of your inputs for the disadvantages of confederating, but here is a plus for you; if we confederate, it will cost you next to nothing. Since Canada West has the biggest population, it is also assumed that we have the most money, which we do, so we would provide the money and pay for almost everything needed. To show and convince you how important this is for our nation, Canada West wouldn’t even profit from any of it, all the profits go to you so you can thrive. This will balance out how everyone lives.

To conclude, Canada West believes confederation would be best for our nation. 


I, Sir Ambrose Shea, will be representing the colony of Newfoundland in the discussion regarding economics. I present my findings:


Confederation Speech: Sir Adams George Archibald on Confederation

Here in Nova Scotia, we believe that we should not confederate, based on the circumstance of our position in terms of politics. Firstly, the vast majority of the people living in Nova Scotia want to either stay an independent colony, or annex into the US. This is due to Rep by Pop, and our low population resulting in a low representation in parliament. Secondly, we would also be required to give up some of our independence, as well as our responsible government. We see that we do not have an urgent need to confederate, as we already have a stable responsible governement that is able to function independently. By confederating, we would need to throw away the system, replacing it with the system of Federal and Provincial governments, preventing us from making our own federal decisions. Even though we could still have a voice in those decisions, Rep by Pop would minimize the amount that we would be able to However, we have a large political deadlock, involving two sides debating over joining the US or staying independent. Since this argument is going nowhere, confederating would rid us of the argument immediately. Considering all of this, we should not confederate, due to the voice of the people, little voice in decisions, as well as throwing away the working system we already have. Thank you.

Confederation Roleplay Script

Good evening your Highness the Queen, Ladies and Gentlemen. I, Frederick Carter, am here to discuss the impacts of federalism on Newfoundland’s economy and government. Newfoundland is home to a multitude of cultures and political perspectives. Colonists and immigrants from Ireland, Britain, France, and America all find their homes in our beautiful colony. As you know, our political parties have been based on British law and politics. We have come to realize that Newfoundland requires a system of government that allows for our minority groups to be represented more equally in political decisions. One way to do this would be to allow individuals to be elected to government without loyalty to a specific political party. These individuals are often referred to as ‘loose fish’. The allowance for loose fish is not readily accepted within the Federal system. As mentioned, Newfoundland has so many different opinions due to our mosaic of cultures and backgrounds that there may be less issues with political deadlock, as long as loose fish are allowed. This is one of the reasons why confederation may not work well for Newfoundland.

Despite our variety of cultures and people from many places across the globe, our population is relatively low. With just over 160,000 residents, our population is much lower than that of Canada East and Canada West. We hope to promote a system that gives equal representation to each colony, despite its population; this is known as double majority. Because confederation does not agree with using double majority, we have reservations about joining this system of government. Newfoundland, as well as the other maritime colonies feels as though they are not being represented adequately in important political groups and decisions. The most political power is held by a small number of politicians. For example, the Great Coalition is made up of two representatives from Canada West and one from Canada East. These three representatives make political decisions that will affect all of Canada. We believe that this group may not be aware of the issues most important to people living in the Maritimes.

The people of Newfoundland would like to be able to make decisions independently that will have direct impacts on our government and economy. For example, we believe that our provincial government should have control of our taxation. We would like the money that we pay in taxes to be used specifically for issues affecting Newfoundland. We are concerned that significantly increased taxes imposed by the federal government would be used in order to pay for the debt in Canada East and Canada West at the expense of Newfoundland. Federal tariffs would be designed to protect mainland industries, and this will restrict our ability to buy and sell goods and services as we wish. Furthermore, we believe that the Federal government should have legislation requiring provinces to be responsible for their own debt – known as provincial debt clauses. As a colony, Newfoundland has worked diligently to maintain minimal debt. We do not want to take on the cost of repaying debt from the large populations of Canada East and Canada West. We do understand that there are some things that a federal government would be better equipped to control. We believe that defense should be run federally so that we can pool our resources and protect ourselves against the Americans and the Fenians. Newfoundland has a low population and is geographically vulnerable to attacks from Britain, France, America and Ireland. We need support from the mainland colonies to protect us from any possible attacks. These are Newfoundland’s thoughts and concerns with respect to joining the Canadian confederation.

New Brunswick Final Address

To conclude, our colony wants to confederate. We think that we will be a great province for the Dominion of Canada because currently, we are an economic powerhouse, and with your help we can continue fueling the country with our powerful economy. However, as a small province with a small amount of taxpayers, we cannot assume other provinces debt if we want to continue to sustain our current economic state. We would also require imported raw materials from other provinces, due to most of our economy relying on us producing products out of raw materials. This would work great because our colony has a lot of port cities to export these products. To get these raw materials to New Brunswick, the cross Canada railroad would have to be extended to our main port city, St. John. The railroad will be also put to use on the way back across Canada, as we have raw materials like timber and potatoes to export ourselves.

Now, onto our second point. Britain has the finest navy in the world, and one of the finest armies. If we confederate, it will no longer be obligated to protect New Brunswick in cases of invasion. New Brunswick is a province with lots of coastal area, which is a weak point against assailants, and it also borders America, which as we know from the Fenian Raids, can invade the future Dominion of Canada. Due to these threats, we have to be guaranteed protection by the rest of Canada from invaders.

As New Brunswick is a colony with a smaller population, we want to be fully represented in government, which means no representation by population. New Brunswick is also a place where there are many minorities like Irish, Scottish, and Black settlers, and we would like government to be open to and to represent these minorities. We feel that it is important to hear these people’s voices in government because, if we confederate, a large population of the country will consist of these minorities.

That concludes the final address of New Brunswick. Thank you.